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Magnetic Stimulation for Parkinson Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00029276
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 10, 2002
Last Update Posted : August 18, 2006
Information provided by:
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)

Brief Summary:
During transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), a magnetic coil is placed on the front part of the head. Electric current passes through the coil in brief pulses. Magnetism from the current produces a separate, small electric current inside the brain, which activates brain cells below the coil. This treatment may result in decreased depression and improved Parkinson's disease symptoms.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Parkinson's Disease Depression Procedure: Prefrontal transcranial magnetic brain stimulation Phase 1

Detailed Description:

The major aim of this study is to carry out a sequential Phase I trial of prefrontal transcranial magnetic brain stimulation (TMS) and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and severe depression. Depression complicates PD in up to 50% of cases, leading to further deterioration of motor performance and quality of life; but antidepressant medication fails or produces intolerable side effects in 25-30% of patients. Case reports and uncontrolled trials suggest that ECT is effective in ameliorating simultaneously the mood and motor symptoms of PD. Only a few small studies of ECT in PD have been prospective or randomized, the assessment protocols have been limited, and the results have been variable. TMS is a new, promising, alternative treatment for refractory depression, which appears to be easier and safer than ECT. Requiring no hospitalization, anesthesia, or recovery time, TMS is now being investigated as an alternative therapy for mood disorders. TMS has not been studied in depressed patients with PD or in other serious central nervous system diseases.

This study extends our past and present research in PD, depression, ECT, and TMS. We will comprehensively evaluate the effects of left prefrontal TMS on mood, motor, and neuropsychological function, together with quality of life indices in depressed PD patients. All patients will initially receive treatment with TMS. Those who fail to benefit will proceed to ECT. Comprehensive evaluation will be continued for another eight weeks in both the TMS-only and ECT groups. The key issues addressed by these studies include: (1) the potential benefit of TMS on mood and movement in depressed PD patients, and (2) the tightness of the association between mood and motor function after TMS and ECT. Overall, these studies will provide important preliminary data on the relationships among mood, cognitive and motor function in PD, and their influence on quality of life. The results will help in directing future applications of TMS as an alternative therapy for brain disorders, and will further elucidate the relative benefits of both TMS and ECT in depressed PD patients. A positive effect from TMS should be an impetus towards randomized, placebo-controlled trials.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation For Treatment Of Depression In Parkinson's Disease
Study Start Date : August 2000
Study Completion Date : April 2005

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Have a diagnosis of idiopathic Parkinson's Disease and meet DSM-IV criteria for Major Depressive Episode, severe, with or without psychotic features, or for Mood Disorder secondary to PD with major depression-like episode.
  • Have demonstrated an inadequate clinical response to at least one antidepressant medication in adequate dosage for at least six weeks, or an adverse event requiring discontinuation.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00029276

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United States, Georgia
Emory University
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
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Principal Investigator: Charles Epstein, MD Emory University
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00029276    
Other Study ID Numbers: R01AT000610-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: January 10, 2002    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 18, 2006
Last Verified: August 2006
Keywords provided by National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH):
Magnetic Stimulation
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Parkinson Disease
Depressive Disorder
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Parkinsonian Disorders
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Movement Disorders
Neurodegenerative Diseases