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High-Risk Breast Duct Epithelium

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00028340
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 24, 2001
Last Update Posted : August 21, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )

Brief Summary:

Background:

  • Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women, occurring in over 230,000 women annually in the United States.
  • The vast majority of breast cancers originate in the single layer of epithelial cells that line the ductal/lobular system of the breast milk ducts. The premalignant changes which occur in the transformed epithelium are not well understood, however several cytologic or histologic changes have been identified which are associated with an increased risk for breast cancer, including ductal or lobular hyperplasia, hyperplasia with atypia, and lobular or ductal carcinoma in situ.
  • The identification of cytological or histological abnormalities in breast epithelial cells is an important component of risk assessment.

Objective:

Primary objectives are:

  • To determine the incidence and nature of cytologic changes in ductal epithelial cells from the high-risk breast, in specimens collected by breast ductal lavage, and to determine if these cytologic findings are different from those of female normal volunteers not at increased risk for breast cancer.
  • To characterize by breast duct endoscopy, high risk breast ductal epithelium and architecture, and correlate these findings with the cytologic findings referenced in above bullet.
  • To determine what is the global gene expression pattern of high risk breast epithelial cells from the high risk breast, and does this differ from that of breast epithelial cells from female normal volunteersnot at increased risk for breast cancer. The gene expression profile will be determined by cDNA microarray and validated by RT-PCR.

Eligibility:

Eligibility for high risk individuals will include:

  • Women of any age with a unilateral invasive or noninvasive (DCIS) breast cancer of epithelial origin.
  • Women without breast cancer, but with a Gail Index greater than 1.67 percent, or a cumulative lifetime risk greater than or equal to double the age- and race-matched general population risk.
  • Women known to be BRCA1/2 or other hereditary genes mutation carriers.
  • Women with cytologic or histologic evidence of ductal hyperplasia, atypical ductal hyperplasia, or lobular carcinoma in situ.
  • Women may be either premenopausal or postmenopausal. Postmenopausal is defined by the absence of menstrual periods for at least 12 months.
  • Postmenopausal women who have previously undergone a hysterectomy without oophorectomy must have a serum FSH level of > 40 IU/ml, and a serum estradiol level of less than40 pg/ml to document postmenopausal status.

Eligibility for normal volunteers will include:

  • Women who are premenopausal or postmenopausal with a Gail model risk index less than 1.67 percent, and without a cumulative lifetime risk greater than or equal to double the age- and racematched general population risk.
  • Women who have previously undergone a hysterectomy without oophorectomy must have a serum FSH level of >40 IU/ml, and a serum estradiol level of less than 40 pg/ml to document postmenopausal status.
  • Both breasts must be free of any suspicious areas by physical examination and, for women over 30 years of age by mammogram. There must be no history of atypical hyperplasia, invasive or in situ carcinoma.

Both groups must have acceptable white blood cell and platelet counts.

Design:

Breast ductal epithelial cells will be collected by breast ductal lavage from (a) the breast in women at increased risk for breast cancer, and (b) the breast of female normal volunteers who are not at increased risk for breast cancer.

Ductal epithelial cell specimens will be analyzed cytologically for the presence of hyperplasia, atypia, or in situ changes.

Breast duct endoscopy will be performed in breast cancer patients and in normal volunteers with cytologic atypia on ductal lavage to determine ductal architectural changes associated with increased risk for breast cancer, and to provide correlation with cytologic atypia.

The gene expression profile of normal and high-risk ductal epithelial cells will be studied by cDNA-microarray to determine changes in gene expression associated with increased risk for breast cancer.

Additional molecular profiling experiments which will be performed as lavage cells are available include DNA whole exome sequencing, Comparative Genomic Hybridization (CGH), proteomic tissue lysate arrays, and identification of mammary stem cells.

A total of 104 high-risk subjects and 80 normal volunteers will be studied, divided approximately evenly between premenopausal and postmenopausal women.


Condition or disease
Breast Cancer

  Show Detailed Description

Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 184 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Characterization of High Risk Breast Duct Epithelium by Cytology, Breast Duct Endoscopy, and cDNA Gene Expression Profile
Study Start Date : December 13, 2001

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Group/Cohort
2/Normal Volunteers
Pre- or postmenopausal women who are not at an increased risk for breast cancer.
1/Breast Cancer and High-Risk Patients
Pre- or postmenopausal women who have or have previously had invasive or noninvasive breast cancer of epithelial origin, or women without breast cancer but at an increased risk of breast cancer.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Determine the incidence and nature of cytologic changes in ductal epithelial cells from the high-risk breast. [ Time Frame: 20 years ]
    Using specimens collected by breast ductal lavage, and determine if these cytologic findings are different from those of normal women not at increased risk for breast cancer.

  2. Characterize high-risk breast ductal epithelium and architecture. [ Time Frame: 20 years ]
    Characterize by breast duct endoscopy, and correlate these findings with the cytologic findings.

  3. Determine the global gene expression pattern of high- risk breast epithelial cells from the high-risk breast. [ Time Frame: 20 years ]
    Determine if gene expression pattern differs from that of breast epithelial cells from female normal volunteers not at increased risk for breast cancer. Gene expression profile will be determined by cDNA microarray and validated by RT-PCR.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Determine the DNA mutational pattern of breast epithelium from women at high risk for breast cancer. [ Time Frame: 20 years ]
    Using DNA whole exome sequencing.

  2. Examine ductal epithelial cell preparations for the presence of mammary stem cells. [ Time Frame: 20 years ]
    From both women at high risk and from women not at high risk for breast cancer.

  3. Determine the gross genomic alterations present in high-risk breast epithelial cells. [ Time Frame: 20 years ]
    Using comparative genomic hybridization.

  4. Determine the pattern of protein expression for selected proteins in the high-risk epithelial cells. [ Time Frame: 20 years ]
    Using proteomics tissue lysate arrays.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Pre- or postmenopausal women who have or have previously had invasive or noninvasive breast cancer of epithelial origin, or women without breast cancer but at an increased risk of breast cancer. Pre- or postmenopausal women who are not at an increased risk for breast cancer.
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:
  • Inclusion Criteria for Breast Cancer and High-Risk Patients:

    • Women of any age with a unilateral invasive or noninvasive (DCIS) breast cancer of epithelial origin.
    • Women without breast cancer, but with a Gail Index greater than 1.67 percent, or a cumulative lifetime risk greater than or equal to double the age- and race-matched general population risk.
    • Women known to be BRCA1/2 or other hereditary genes mutation carriers.
    • Women with cytologic or histologic evidence of ductal hyperplasia, atypical ductal hyperplasia, or LCISl
    • Women may be either premenopausal or postmenopausal. Postmenopausal is defined by the absence of menstrual periods for at least 12 months.
    • Postmenopausal women who have previously undergone a hysterectomy without oophorectomy must have a serum FSH level of greater than 40 IU/ml, and a serum estradiol level of less than 40 pg/ml to document postmenopausal status.
    • Breast cancer may be invasive or noninvasive, and in the past or the present.
    • The contralateral breast of women with breast cancer, or the normal breast of high-risk subjects, must be free of any suspicious areas by physical examination and mammogram, and without a history of invasive ductal or in situ ductal carcinoma. History of atypia or LCIS on a previous biopsy is acceptable.
    • Women who are from a family with heritable breast cancer with a known deleterious BRCA1/2 or other hereditary genes mutation, who themselves have been tested and to not carry this mutation. These women are not at increased risk for breast cancer due to the familial mutation and are eligible to participate as normal volunteers.
    • WBC greater than 2,500.
    • Platelets greater than 50,000.
  • Inclusion Criteria for Normal Volunteers:

    • Women who are premenopausal or postmenopausal with a Gail model risk index less than 1.67 percent, and without a cumulative lifetime risk greater than or equal to double the age- and race-matched general population risk.
    • Women who have previously undergone a hysterectomy without oophorectomy must have a serum FSH level of greater than 40 IU/ml, and a serum estradiol level of less than 40 pg/ml to document postmenopausal status.
    • Both breasts must be free of any suspicious areas by physical examination and, for women over 30 years of age by mammogram. There must be no history of atypical hyperplasia, invasive or in situ carcinoma.
    • WBC greater than 2,500.
    • Platelets greater than 50,000.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Exclusion Criteria for Breast Cancer Patients:

    • Contralateral breast prosthesis
    • Pregnancy
    • History of radiation therapy to the contralateral breast
    • Lactating breasts
    • Chemotherapy within the past 1 month
    • Current antiestrogen therapy
    • Current hormonal replacement therapy or oral contraceptives
    • Concurrent infection
    • Previous contralateral major duct excision
  • Exclusion Criteria for High-Risk Paitents:

    • Bilateral breast prosthesis
    • Pregnancy
    • Lactating breasts
    • Current antiestrogen therapy
    • Current hormonal replacement therapy or oral contraceptives
    • Concurrent infection
    • Previous bilateral major duct excision
    • History of therapeutic mediastinal radiation
  • Exclusion Criteria for Normal Volunteers:

    • Bilateral breast prosthesis
    • Pregnancy
    • Lactating breasts
    • Current antiestrogen therapy
    • Current hormonal replacement therapy or oral contraceptives
    • Concurrent infection
    • Previous bilateral major duct excision
    • History of therapeutic mediastinal radiation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00028340


Contacts
Contact: David N Danforth, M.D. (301) 496-1533 danforth@pop.nci.nih.gov

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact National Cancer Institute Referral Office    (888) NCI-1937      
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: David N Danforth, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)