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Research in Skin Inflammation

This study has been completed.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: November 15, 2001
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

This study will examine the production of proteins called chemokines in inflammatory skin reactions. It is thought that chemokines attract or recruit white blood cells from the blood stream into the skin when there is a skin injury or infection, causing inflammation. This study will examine chemokine production in induced inflammatory reactions to try to gain a better understanding of how white blood cells are attracted to inflamed areas of the body.

Healthy normal volunteers between 33 and 60 years old may be eligible for this study if they 1) have no history of chronic skin disease; 2) are not allergic to eggs; and 3) do not tend to form large irregular scars after trauma to the skin from, for example, cuts, scratches and surgical incisions. Candidates will be asked a short series of questions and have a limited skin examination.

Participants will have 10 ml (2 tablespoons) of blood drawn from an arm vein at the start and end of the 5-day study and undergo the following procedures:

  1. Day 1 - Participants receive an injection in the right upper arm of mumps antigen (a protein commonly used to tests for immunization against mumps) and an injection of "vehicle" (saline plus the preservatives thimerosal, glycine and formaldehyde) in the left upper arm.
  2. Day 3 - Participants who develop a swelling from the mumps antigen larger than 5 mm wide will receive another injection of antigen in the right arm and another injection of vehicle in the left arm. Those whose swelling is not greater than 5 mm will be excluded from the study at this point.
  3. Day 5 - All four injection sites, plus another site on the left upper arm will be biopsied. For this procedure the five injection areas are numbed with a local anesthetic. A punch biopsy instrument that resembles a small cookie cutter (about one-third the diameter of a dime) is inserted about one-fifth of an inch deep into the skin and the tissue is removed. Two stitches are used to close the wound. Antibiotic and bandages are applied for 5 days. Nine days after the biopsy the participant returns to NIH for removal of the stitches.

New molecular biology techniques will be used to measure changes in chemokine production in the biopsied tissue.


Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Expression of Chemokine and Chemokine Receptors in Skin in a Model of Delayed-Type Hypersensitivity

Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 10
Study Start Date: March 2001
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2002
Detailed Description:
In the skin, T lymphocytes are critical modulators and effectors of acquired defense responses such as delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH). T lymphocytes and other leukocytes are recruited to the challenged site via the interaction of selectins, integrins, immunoglobulin gene superfamily molecules with their ligands, and cytokines including the large and growing chemokine group. Endogenous proinflammatory agents such as Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF)-alpha and Interleukin-1 (IL-1) modulate lymphocyte recruitment via up-regulation of endothelial adhesion molecules and chemokines. In vitro evidence suggests that endothelial cell-derived chemokines may play a crucial role in inducing firm arrest of leukocytes on endothelial cells prior to transmigration. However, the investigation of the expression patterns and regulation of chemokines in human skin has been limited. Our goal is to qualitatively and quantitatively investigate changes in chemokine expression patterns in human skin using a DTH response to mumps antigen as a model T cell mediated immunological response. We will study the effects of intradermal injection of mumps antigen on cutaneous chemokine expression in healthy human volunteers over a five-day period. Skin biopsies of treated and mock-treated areas will be obtained and processed for state-of-the-art, real-time quantitative RT-PCR analysis of mRNA for chemokines and related molecules of interest. Routine and immunohistological analysis of chemokine receptor, chemokines, cytokines and other cell markers on fixed and frozen tissue will also be performed in an attempt to correlate chemokine expression patterns with the influx of leukocyte subsets into skin. Our hypothesis is that the chemokines will be up-regulated, but that the kinetics and expression patterns of individual chemokines may not be identical, thus possibly accounting for the differential recruitment of T lymphocytes and other leukocytes during the course of the DTH response. Chemokine expression as determined by quantitative RT-PCR will be compared with results obtained semi-quantitatively by immunohistochemical staining. This study may increase the understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms of inflammatory diseases that are characterized by the recruitment of T lymphocytes, thus possibly identifying targets for the treatment of cutaneous inflammatory diseases such as psoriasis.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Male or Female

Age: 33-60 years.

No ingestion of aspirin, ibuprofen, corticosteroids, COX-2 inhibitor such as Rofecoxib, or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents within 7 days of start of protocol.

No history of psoriasis or other chronic skin disease.

No known underlying chronic disease for which volunteer takes systemic medications.

Immunocompromised individuals are not eligible.

Patients with an allergy to eggs and/or thimerosal are not eligible.

Individuals with a history or physical evidence of keloid or hypertrophic scarring resulting from skin trauma are not eligible.

Patients with a history of HIV, HTLV-1, or other immunodeficiency syndrome are not eligible.

  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00026741

United States, Maryland
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00026741     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 010112
First Submitted: November 14, 2001
First Posted: November 15, 2001
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
Last Verified: January 2002

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
T Cell
Healthy Volunteer
Skin Biopsy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Skin Diseases, Papulosquamous
Skin Diseases