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Gefitinib in Treating Patients With Recurrent and/or Metastatic Head and Neck Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00024089
First Posted: January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted: February 11, 2013
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  Purpose
Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of gefitinib in treating patients who have recurrent and/or metastatic head and neck cancer. Biological therapies such as gefitinib may interfere with the growth of tumor cells by blocking an enzyme necessary for cell growth.

Condition Intervention Phase
Head and Neck Cancer Drug: gefitinib Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of ZD 1839 (Iressa) in Recurrent or Metastatic Squamous Cell Cancer of the Head and Neck

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Disease control rate

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Biologic parameters
  • Toxicity
  • Response

Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: July 2001
Primary Completion Date: March 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I
Patients receive oral gefitinib daily. Treatment repeats every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: gefitinib

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the disease control rate, in terms of complete response, partial response, and stable disease for at least 4 months, in patients with recurrent and/or metastatic squamous cell cancer of the head and neck treated with gefitinib.

II. Determine the effect of this drug on epidermal growth factor receptor phosphorylation and expression of selected genes in these patients.

III. Determine the toxic effects of this drug in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients are stratified as delineated in the Disease Characteristics.

Patients receive oral gefitinib daily. Treatment repeats every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed primary squamous cell cancer of the head and neck that is incurable by surgery or radiotherapy

    • Stratum I:

      • Failed surgery and/or radiotherapy and received no prior systemic chemotherapy for recurrent disease OR
      • Recurrent disease at least 6 months after prior multimodal primary therapy including neoadjuvant or concurrent chemotherapy OR
      • Metastatic disease at initial diagnosis and received no prior chemotherapy
    • Stratum II:

      • No more than 1 prior chemotherapy regimen for recurrent disease OR
      • Recurrent disease within 6 months after prior primary therapy that included chemotherapy
  • Measurable disease

    • At least 20 mm by conventional techniques OR at least 10 mm by spiral CT scan
    • Clear clinical evidence of progression or biopsy-proven residual cancer required if only site of measurable disease is in a previously irradiated field
  • No known brain metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • ECOG 0-2 OR
  • Karnofsky 60-100%

Life expectancy:

  • More than 3 months

Hematopoietic:

  • WBC at least 3,000/mm^3
  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3

Hepatic:

  • Bilirubin normal (no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal [ULN] if liver metastases present)
  • AST/ALT no greater than 2.5 times ULN

Renal:

  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times ULN OR
  • Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL/min

Cardiovascular:

  • No symptomatic congestive heart failure
  • No unstable angina pectoris
  • No cardiac arrhythmia

Other:

  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except curatively treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No other uncontrolled concurrent illness
  • No ongoing or active infection
  • No psychiatric illness or social situation that would preclude study compliance
  • No prior allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to gefitinib
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • No prior therapy with agents that target epidermal growth factor receptors

Chemotherapy:

  • At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin) and recovered

Endocrine therapy:

  • No concurrent tamoxifen

Radiotherapy:

  • Prior radiotherapy as primary or secondary treatment allowed
  • At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered

Surgery:

  • Prior surgery as primary or secondary treatment allowed
  • At least 4 weeks since prior major surgery

Other:

  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • No concurrent combination antiretroviral therapy for HIV
  • No concurrent 3A4 inhibitors (e.g., ketoconazole, erythromycin, verapamil)
  • No concurrent drugs with known corneal toxicity (e.g., chlorpromazine, amiodarone, chloroquine)
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00024089


Locations
United States, Utah
Huntsman Cancer Institute at University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84112
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Study Chair: Richard H. Wheeler, MD University of Utah
  More Information

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00024089     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000068890
UUMC-8429-01
NCI-1701
First Submitted: September 13, 2001
First Posted: January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted: February 11, 2013
Last Verified: November 2005

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
recurrent metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary
metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary squamous cell carcinoma
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the lip and oral cavity
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the lip and oral cavity
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the nasopharynx
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the nasopharynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the paranasal sinus and nasal cavity
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the paranasal sinus and nasal cavity
salivary gland squamous cell carcinoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Gefitinib
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action