Eflornithine With or Without Triamcinolone in Preventing Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer in Patients With Actinic Keratosis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00021294
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 16, 2004
Last Update Posted : March 24, 2010
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
University of Arizona

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Chemoprevention therapy is the use of certain drugs to try to prevent the development or recurrence of cancer. Eflornithine with or without triamcinolone may be effective in preventing nonmelanoma skin cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to compare the effectiveness of eflornithine with or without triamcinolone in preventing nonmelanoma skin cancer in patients who have actinic keratosis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Non-melanomatous Skin Cancer Precancerous/Nonmalignant Condition Drug: eflornithine Drug: triamcinolone Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the safety and efficacy of eflornithine (DFMO) vs placebo as chemoprevention of non-melanoma skin cancer in patients with moderate to heavy actinic keratosis (AK). II. Determine whether this drug reverses AK in these patients. III. Determine whether triamcinolone reduces DFMO-induced skin irritation in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 4 treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive eflornithine (DFMO) topically and triamcinolone topically to forearms once daily. Arm II: Patients receive DFMO and placebo topically as in arm I. Arm III: Patients receive placebo and triamcinolone topically as in arm I. Arm IV: Patients receive 2 placebos topically as in arm I. Treatment continues for 6 months in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed at 2 weeks.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 150 patients will be accrued for this study within 1 year.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase IIB Randomized, Double-Blinded, Placebo Controlled Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Topical Difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) With and Without a Topical Corticosteroid Cream (Triamcinolone 0.1%) in the Therapy of Actinic Keratoses (AK) on the Forearms
Study Start Date : May 2001
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2002
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2002

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Diagnosis of actinic keratosis At least 3 clinically visible lesions on each lower posterior forearm Lesions must be discrete and quantifiable No prior or concurrent skin cancer on forearms Prior skin cancer (other than melanoma) on an area other than the forearms allowed unless chronic recurrent lesions indicate immunosuppression Concurrent skin cancer on an area other than the forearms allowed if active lesion previously excised

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Not specified Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Not specified Other: No serious concurrent illness No immunosuppression due to medication or disease No invasive cancer (including melanoma) within the past 5 years Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception at least 28 days prior to and during study

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: At least 5 years since prior systemic chemotherapy At least 6 months since prior fluorouracil (5-FU) to forearms Prior or concurrent 5-FU to the face allowed Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: See Disease Characteristics Other: At least 30 days since prior megadoses of vitamins (e.g., more than 400 IU of vitamin E, 200 micrograms of selenium, or 1 g of vitamin C per day or more than the tolerable upper limits of any other supplement) At least 6 months since prior tretinoin to forearms Prior or concurrent tretinoin to the face allowed No concurrent mega-doses of vitamins No other concurrent investigational drug or device

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00021294

United States, Arizona
Arizona Cancer Center
Tucson, Arizona, United States, 85724
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Arizona
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: David S. Alberts, MD University of Arizona

Responsible Party: David Alberts, M.D., Arizona Cancer Center at University of Arizona Health Science Center Identifier: NCT00021294     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000068767
P01CA027502 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: February 16, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 24, 2010
Last Verified: June 2002

Keywords provided by University of Arizona:
basal cell carcinoma of the skin
squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
actinic keratosis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Keratosis, Actinic
Skin Neoplasms
Precancerous Conditions
Skin Diseases
Neoplasms by Site
Triamcinolone hexacetonide
Triamcinolone Acetonide
Triamcinolone diacetate
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Trypanocidal Agents
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Ornithine Decarboxylase Inhibitors