Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Melanoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00020358
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted : June 19, 2013
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. Vaccine therapy may be an effective treatment for melanoma.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to study the effectiveness of three vaccine therapy regimens in treating patients who have melanoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Melanoma (Skin) Biological: aldesleukin Biological: gp100 antigen Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant Biological: tyrosinase peptide Phase 2

Detailed Description:


  • Compare the immunologic activity of three different schedules of peptide immunization with gp100:209-217 (210M) or gp100:17-25 antigen and tyrosinase:368-376 (370D), tyrosinase:240-251 (244S), tyrosinase:206-214 (closed to accrual 11/05/01), or tyrosinase-related protein-1 (ORF3):1-9 peptide (closed to accrual 11/05/01) emulsified in Montanide ISA-51 in patients with melanoma at high risk for recurrence.
  • Compare the response rate to treatment with interleukin-2 (IL-2) after being immunized with this regimen with the usual response rate to IL-2 in this patient population.
  • Determine whether an exploratory cohort of HLA-A2-positive patients demonstrate immunologic activity to immunization with 2 peptides emulsified together.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified according to HLA type (A0201 vs A1 vs A3 vs A24 vs A31). (HLA-A24 and HLA-A31 closed to accrual 11/05/01). Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 treatment arms and are given an assigned vaccine, which is emulsified in Montanide ISA-51.

  • HLA typing:

    • HLA-A2: gp100:209-217 (210M) and tyrosinase:368-376 (370D)
    • HLA-A1: tyrosinase:240-251 (244S)
    • HLA-A3: gp100:17-25
    • HLA-A24: tyrosinase:206-214 (closed to accrual 11/05/01)
    • HLA-A31: tyrosinase-related protein-1 (ORF3):1-9 (closed to accrual 11/05/01)
  • Arm I: Patients receive assigned vaccine subcutaneously (SC) weekly for 10 weeks followed by 3 weeks of no treatment.
  • Arm II: Patients receive assigned vaccine SC on days 1, 22, 43, and 64.
  • Arm III: Patients receive assigned vaccine SC on days 1-4, 22-25, 43-46, and 64-67.

Treatment in all arms repeats every 13 weeks for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After the completion of the randomized arms of HLA-A2 patients, additional HLA-A2 patients receive immunization with gp100:209-217 (210M) and tyrosinase:368-376 (370D) emulsified in Montanide ISA-51 SC once every 3 weeks for 4 courses.

Patients with progressive disease may receive interleukin-2 IV over 15 minutes every 8 hours for up to 4 days. Treatment repeats every 10-14 days for at least 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with stable disease or mixed or partial response to treatment may receive additional courses every 2 months.

Patients are followed at 6 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 324 patients (19-33 per arm for the HLA-A0201 stratum, 13-16 per arm for the other 4 strata, and 33 per the additional HLA-A2 cohort) will be accrued for this study within 2 years. (HLA-A24 and HLA-A31 closed to accrual 11/05/01).

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Comparison of Three Schedules of Peptide Immunization in Patients With Stage II or III, or Completely Resected Metastatic Melanoma
Study Start Date : September 2000
Study Completion Date : October 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma
U.S. FDA Resources

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Diagnosis of melanoma, including one of the following characteristics:

    • Lesions at least 1.5 mm in thickness
    • At least 1 positive lymph node
    • Ulcerated lesion
    • Local recurrence
    • Metastatic lesions completely resected within the past 6 months
  • Clinically disease free within the past 6 weeks
  • HLA-A1, A3, A24, A31, or 0201 positive (HLA-A24 and HLA-A31 closed to accrual 11/05/01)
  • No ocular or mucosal melanoma



  • 16 and over

Performance status:

  • ECOG 0-1

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • WBC at least 3,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 90,000/mm^3


  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.6 mg/dL (3.0 mg/dL in Gilbert's syndrome)
  • AST and ALT less than 3 times normal
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen negative


  • Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL


  • For interleukin-2 (IL-2) therapy:

    • No cardiac ischemia, myocardial infarction, or cardiac arrhythmias
    • Stress cardiac test required if abnormal EKG, symptoms of cardiac ischemia or arrhythmia, or older than 50 years


  • For IL-2 therapy:

    • No obstructive or restrictive pulmonary disease
    • FEV_1 greater than 60% predicted if prolonged history of cigarette smoking or symptoms of respiratory dysfunction


  • Not pregnant
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • HIV negative
  • No active systemic infections, autoimmune disease, or active primary or secondary immunodeficiency


Biologic therapy:

  • At least 3 weeks since prior systemic biologic therapy for melanoma
  • No prior gp100 antigen or tyrosinase or TRP-1 peptide
  • No other concurrent systemic biologic therapy for melanoma


  • At least 3 weeks since prior systemic chemotherapy and recovered
  • No concurrent systemic chemotherapy for melanoma

Endocrine therapy:

  • At least 3 weeks since prior systemic endocrine therapy for melanoma
  • No concurrent systemic steroid therapy


  • At least 3 weeks since prior systemic radiotherapy and recovered
  • No concurrent systemic radiotherapy for melanoma


  • See Disease Characteristics

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00020358

United States, Maryland
Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center - NCI Clinical Studies Support
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892-1182
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Steven A. Rosenberg, MD, PhD NCI - Surgery Branch

Publications of Results: Identifier: NCT00020358     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00006287
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000068299
First Posted: January 27, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 19, 2013
Last Verified: March 2003

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage I melanoma
stage II melanoma
stage III melanoma
stage IV melanoma
recurrent melanoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Freund's Adjuvant
Antineoplastic Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs