Vaccine Therapy With or Without Interleukin-2 in Treating Patients With Metastatic Melanoma
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00019721|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 7, 2003
Last Update Posted : June 20, 2013
RATIONALE: Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. Interleukin-2 may stimulate a person's white blood cells to kill tumor cells. Combining vaccine therapy with interleukin-2 may be an effective treatment for metastatic melanoma.
PURPOSE: Phase II trial to compare the effectiveness of vaccine therapy with or without interleukin-2 in treating patients who have metastatic melanoma that has not responded to previous therapy.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Melanoma (Skin)||Biological: MART-1 antigen Biological: aldesleukin Biological: gp100 antigen Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant||Phase 2|
- Compare the efficacy of gp100:209-217(210M) peptide and MART-1:26-35(27L) peptide administered with or without high-dose interleukin-2 (IL-2) in patients with metastatic melanoma who are HLA-A0201 positive.
- Determine the efficacy of these peptides in patients who cannot receive IL-2.
- Compare the efficacy of IL-2 with or without these peptides in patients who need immediate treatment with IL-2.
- Determine the efficacy of MART-1:26-35(27L) peptide in patients who have received prior gp100 antigen.
- Compare the immunologic response experienced by patients who have received peptide, with or without IL-2, as measured by changes in T-cell precursors from before to after treatment.
- Compare the toxic effects of these regimens in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a partially randomized study.
Patients are assigned to 1 of 4 treatment groups based on disease status and prior therapy.
Group A (eligible to receive interleukin-2 (IL-2) but not in immediate need; no prior immunization with gp100 or MART-1 antigen): Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
- Arm I: Patients receive gp100 and MART-1 peptides emulsified in Montanide ISA-51 (ISA-51) subcutaneously (SC) on day 1. (Arm I closed as of 10/30/02).
- Arm II: Patients receive both peptides as in arm I on day 1 and high-dose IL-2 IV over 15 minutes every 8 hours on days 2-5 (for up to 12 doses). (Arm II closed as of 10/30/02).
- Group B (ineligible to receive IL-2 due to other debilitating disease): Patients receive treatment as in group A, arm I.
- Group C (need immediate IL-2 therapy due to extensive and rapid progression of disease): Patients receive treatment as in group A, arm II. (Group C closed as of 10/30/02).
- Group D (prior immunization with gp100 antigen): Patients receive modified MART-1:26-35(27L) peptide emulsified in ISA-51 SC on day 1.
Treatment in all groups repeats every 3 weeks for 4 courses. Patients who achieve a minor, mixed, or partial response may receive up to 12 additional courses. Patients who achieve complete response receive 2 additional courses.
Patients are followed at 4-6 weeks.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 103 patients (15-25 for group A, arm I; 19-33 for group A, arm II; and 15 each for groups B, C, and D) will be accrued for this study within 1 year.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Official Title:||Immunization of Patients With Metastatic Melanoma Using MART-1 and GP100 Peptides Modified to Increase Binding to HLA-0201|
|Study Start Date :||April 1999|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||June 2003|
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00019721
|United States, Maryland|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Study Chair:||Steven A. Rosenberg, MD, PhD||NCI - Surgery Branch|