Vaccine Therapy With or Without Interleukin-2 in Treating Patients With Metastatic Melanoma
RATIONALE: Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. It is not yet known whether combining melanoma vaccine with interleukin-2 is more effective than vaccine therapy alone in treating metastatic melanoma.
PURPOSE: Phase II trial to compare the effectiveness of melanoma vaccine and interleukin-2 with that of melanoma vaccine alone in treating patients who have metastatic melanoma that has not responded to previous treatment.
|Melanoma (Skin)||Biological: aldesleukin Biological: fowlpox virus vaccine vector Biological: gp100 antigen||Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Immunization of Patients With Metastatic Melanoma Using a Recombinant Fowlpox Virus Encoding a GP100 Peptide Preceded by an Endoplasmic Reticulum Insertion Signal Sequence|
|Study Start Date:||October 1999|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2007|
- Compare the clinical response in patients with metastatic melanoma treated with immunization with recombinant fowlpox vaccine administered either intravenously or intramuscularly, with or without interleukin-2 (IL-2).
- Compare the immune response in patients before and after treatment with these regimens.
- Compare the toxicity profile of these regimens in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a partially randomized study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 treatment cohorts.
- Cohort 1: Patients receive recombinant fowlpox virus encoding gp100 peptide (fowlpox vaccine) IV once every 4 weeks for up to 4 doses. (Closed to accrual as of 6/21/02.)
- Cohort 2: Patients receive fowlpox vaccine intramuscularly (IM) once every 4 weeks for up to 4 doses. (Closed to accrual as of 6/21/04.)
- Cohort 3 (for patients in need of immediate interleukin-2 [IL-2] and those with disease progression after treatment in cohorts 1 or 2): Patients receive fowlpox vaccine either IV or IM* once every 4 weeks for 4 doses and IL-2 IV every 8 hours for a maximum of 12 doses beginning 24 hours after fowlpox vaccine.
NOTE: *The IM route of administration was selected as the preferred route of administration from cohorts 1 and 2
- Expanded cohort 2 (open to accrual 7/19/02): Patients receive fowlpox vaccine IM once every 4 weeks for up to 4 doses. Upon disease progression, patients receive fowlpox vaccine as above and IL-2 IV every 8 hours for a maximum of 12 doses beginning 24 hours after fowlpox vaccine. (Closed to accrual 12/4/03.) In all cohorts, 3-4 weeks after the last injection, patients achieving a complete remission may receive a maximum of an additional 2 courses of therapy. Patients with responding disease may receive repeat vaccinations for up to 8 courses. Patients with no response or progressive disease in cohorts not receiving IL-2 may be treated with fowlpox vaccine and IL-2 as in cohort 3. Patients who are randomized to receive IL-2 may not receive additional IL-2 therapy.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A maximum of 84 patients (24 in cohorts 1 and 2, 19-33 in cohort 3, and 27 in expanded cohort 2) will be accrued for this study within 1 year.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00019669
|United States, Maryland|
|Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center - NCI Clinical Studies Support|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892-1182|
|Study Chair:||Steven A. Rosenberg, MD, PhD||NCI - Surgery Branch|