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Raloxifene in Preventing Breast Cancer in Premenopausal Women

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: July 11, 2001
Last updated: June 18, 2013
Last verified: April 2009

RATIONALE: Chemoprevention therapy is the use of certain drugs to try to prevent the development or recurrence of cancer. The use of raloxifene may be an effective way to prevent breast cancer in premenopausal women.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of raloxifene in preventing invasive breast cancer in premenopausal women.

Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Drug: raloxifene
Procedure: evaluation of cancer risk factors
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Randomized Phase II Trial of Two Doses of Raloxifene in Pre-Menopausal Women at High Risk For Developing Invasive Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: December 1998
Study Completion Date: June 2005
Detailed Description:


  • Determine the safety and tolerability of raloxifene in premenopausal women at high risk of developing invasive breast cancer.
  • Determine the effect of raloxifene on blood steroid hormone levels (luteinizing hormone, estradiol, progesterone) and carotenoid levels during the menstrual cycle in these participants.
  • Determine the effect of raloxifene on the endometrium and ovaries in these participants.
  • Determine the effect of raloxifene on biochemical markers of bone metabolism, lipid profiles, and fibrinogen in these participants.
  • Determine the effect of raloxifene on health-related quality of life of these participants.
  • Determine the effect of raloxifene on bone mineral density in the spine and hip of these participants.

OUTLINE: This is an open-label study.

Participants are medically evaluated, followed by an observation period of 1 to 2 menstrual cycles. After the observation period, participants receive oral raloxifene once daily for 2 years.

Quality of life is assessed 1 week prior to study drug administration and at 6, 12, 24 and 36 months after study drug administration.

Participants are followed for 1 year.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 41 participants will be accrued for this study within 3 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   23 Years to 47 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • At risk for developing invasive breast cancer by virtue of 1 of the following criteria:

    • Gail model risk equal to that of an average 60 year old woman as determined using the Gail risk assessment model
    • Lobular neoplasia
    • Atypical ductal hyperplasia with a positive family history of breast cancer
    • Ductal carcinoma in situ previously treated with mastectomy or lumpectomy and radiation
    • BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation-positive genotyping
    • Family history consistent with hereditary cancer syndrome of increased breast cancer risk defined as 1 of the following:

      • Family with more than 2 breast cancer cases and one or more cases of ovarian cancer diagnosed at any age
      • Family with more than 3 breast cancer cases diagnosed before age 50
      • Sister pairs with 2 breast cancers, 2 ovarian cancers, or 1 breast and 1 ovarian cancer diagnosed before age 50
  • Premenopausal

    • Menstrual cycle of 26-35 days
    • No change in menstrual pattern within the past 6 months (no irregularities)
    • FSH level less than 20 mIU/mL
  • Hormone receptor status:

    • Not specified



  • 23 to 47


  • Female

Menopausal status

  • Premenopausal

Performance status

  • Not specified

Life expectancy

  • Not specified


  • No history of bleeding disorder


  • No history of cirrhosis of the liver
  • SGOT/SGPT no greater than 3 times upper limit of normal (ULN)


  • Creatinine no greater than 1.7 mg/dL


  • No history of pulmonary embolism or deep venous thrombosis


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile participants must use effective non-hormonal contraception (e.g. barrier methods, spermicides, or surgical methods) during and for 3 months after study
  • No history of infertility with a suspected ovarian etiology or recurrent ovarian cysts
  • No allergy to raloxifene
  • No dysfunctional uterine bleeding
  • No menorrhagia
  • No cervical dysplasia or significant uterine pathology requiring concurrent surgery
  • No medical or psychiatric disorder that would preclude study participation
  • Normal CA 125 levels


Biologic therapy

  • Not specified


  • Not specified

Endocrine therapy

  • At least 6 months since prior steroid therapy (e.g., tamoxifen, estrogen, DHEA, anabolic steroids, or oral contraceptives)


  • See Disease Characteristics


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior hysterectomy
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00019500

United States, Maryland
Medicine Branch
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Jennifer Eng-Wong, MD National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information

Orzano JA, Prindiville S, Zujewski J, et al.: Mammographic density is not modulated by raloxifene in pre-menopausal women at high-risk for invasive breast cancer. [Abstract] Breast Cancer Res Treat 88 (Suppl 1): A-4035, 2004.
Eng-Wong J, Stratton P, Forman M, et al.: Effect of raloxifene on menstrual cycle length and quality of life in premenopausal women at high risk for invasive breast cancer. [Abstract] American Association for Cancer Research: Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research, October 26 - 30, 2003, Phoenix, AZ. 12: A-193, 1300s, 2003.
Premkumar A, Stratton P, Johnson D, et al.: Long term effects of raloxifene on the ovary and uterus in pre-menopausal women at high risk for developing breast cancer. [Abstract] Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 22 (Suppl 1): A-OC164, 44, 2003.
Eng-Wong J, Venzon D, Schmidt B, et al.: The effect of raloxifene on insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and insuline-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) in premenopausal women at high risk for developing breast cancer. [Abstract] American Association for Cancer Research: Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research, October 14 -18, 2002, Boston, MA. 11: A-317, 1162s, 2002.
Premkumar A, Stratton P, Avila N, et al.: Raloxifene effects on the ovary and the uterus in premenopausal subjects at high risk for developing breast cancer - sonographic evaluation. [Abstract] Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 20 (Supp 1): A-P174, 72, 2002.
Zujewski J, Eng-Wong J, Reynolds J, et al.: A phase 2 trial of raloxifene in premenopausal women at high risk for developing invasive breast cancer. [Abstract] Breast Cancer Res Treat 76 (Suppl 1): A-417, 2002. Identifier: NCT00019500     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00001700
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000066428
Study First Received: July 11, 2001
Last Updated: June 18, 2013

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Raloxifene Hydrochloride
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Bone Density Conservation Agents processed this record on May 24, 2017