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Combination Chemotherapy Plus Interferon Alfa Followed by Filgrastim in Treating Patients With Gastrointestinal Tract Cancer

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified April 2007 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: July 11, 2001
Last updated: February 6, 2009
Last verified: April 2007

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Interferon alfa may interfere with the growth of cancer cells. Colony-stimulating factors such as filgrastim may increase the number of immune cells found in bone marrow or peripheral blood and may help a person recover from the side effects of chemotherapy. Combining chemotherapy with interferon alfa may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combining chemotherapy and interferon alfa followed by filgrastim in treating patients who have gastrointestinal tract cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Extrahepatic Bile Duct Cancer
Gastric Cancer
Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumor
Liver Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Small Intestine Cancer
Biological: filgrastim
Biological: recombinant interferon alfa
Drug: fluorouracil
Drug: hydroxyurea
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of 2-Fluorouracil Recombinant Alpha-2a-Interferon and Intravenous Hydroxyurea With Filigrastim in Patients With Refractory GI Malignancies Grant Application Title: Parenteral Hydroxyurea: A Modulator in Pancreatic Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Estimated Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: March 1998
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the objective response rates in patients with unresectable locally advanced or advanced gastrointestinal malignancy treated with intravenous hydroxyurea, fluorouracil, interferon alfa, and filgrastim (G-CSF). II. Determine the toxic effects of this regimen in these patients. III. Determine the reversal of toxic effects of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients are stratified according to site of primary disease (hepatobiliary vs gastric vs pancreatic). Patients receive fluorouracil IV over 48 hours and hydroxyurea IV over 48 hours on days 1, 8, 22, and 29. Patients also receive interferon alfa subcutaneously (SC) on days 1, 3, and 5 and filgrastim (G-CSF) SC on days 3-6 of weeks 1, 2, 4, and 5. Treatment repeats every 6 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 31-60 patients (18-33 with hepatobiliary or gastric cancer and 13-27 with pancreatic cancer) will be accrued for this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed pancreatic, gastric, biliary system, or hepatocellular carcinoma beyond the scope of surgical resection Gastrointestinal tract carcinoid tumor or carcinoma of the small bowel allowed Bidimensionally measurable disease Ineligible for ECOG 6296 (gastric cancer) No brain metastases, unless completely resected and CT scan of the brain is normal

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-1 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: WBC at least 4,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 3 times normal SGOT less than 3 times normal Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No New York Heart Association class III or IV heart disease No chronic or uncontrolled angina No significant coronary artery disease (even if asymptomatic) on cardiac catheterization or thallium stress test, in patients with a history of atherosclerotic heart disease No congestive heart failure No arrhythmia Pulmonary: No chronic obstructive pulmonary disease No chronic pulmonary disease, including asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, sarcoid, or bronchiectasis Neurologic: No cerebellar disease No seizure disorder Other: HIV negative No active or serious underlying infection No AIDS No psychiatric illness No organic mental syndrome No major psychoaffective disorder No poorly controlled diabetes mellitus No serious underlying illness that would preclude study No recent history of alcohol or drug abuse Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No concurrent immunotherapy Chemotherapy: No prior systemic chemotherapy for advanced disease Prior fluorouracil or gemcitabine as radiosensitizer allowed No other prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: No concurrent systemic steroids No concurrent hormonal therapy (excluding birth control pills) No concurrent steroids as antiemetics or for chronic treatment Radiotherapy: At least 1 month since prior radiotherapy Surgery: See Disease Characteristics Recovered from prior surgery Other: At least 1 week since prior beta blockers No concurrent chronic treatment with aspirin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antihistamines, antianginal medication, extraordinary antihypertensive regimens, or antiarrhythmics (except cardiac glycosides)

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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00019474

United States, New York
Albert Einstein Comprehensive Cancer Center
Bronx, New York, United States, 10461
Sponsors and Collaborators
Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Inc.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Scott Wadler, MD Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Inc.
  More Information Identifier: NCT00019474     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000066253
Study First Received: July 11, 2001
Last Updated: February 6, 2009

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage III gastric cancer
stage IV gastric cancer
recurrent gastric cancer
stage II pancreatic cancer
stage III pancreatic cancer
recurrent pancreatic cancer
regional gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor
metastatic gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor
recurrent gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor
localized unresectable adult primary liver cancer
advanced adult primary liver cancer
recurrent adult primary liver cancer
small intestine adenocarcinoma
unresectable extrahepatic bile duct cancer
recurrent extrahepatic bile duct cancer
recurrent small intestine cancer
adult primary hepatocellular carcinoma
stage IV pancreatic cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stomach Neoplasms
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Liver Neoplasms
Carcinoid Tumor
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Bile Duct Neoplasms
Malignant Carcinoid Syndrome
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Stomach Diseases
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Biliary Tract Neoplasms
Bile Duct Diseases
Biliary Tract Diseases
Intestinal Diseases processed this record on April 26, 2017