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Vaccine Therapy With or Without Interleukin-2 in Treating Patients With Metastatic Melanoma

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: July 11, 2001
Last updated: June 18, 2013
Last verified: January 2005

RATIONALE: Vaccines made from white blood cells treated with antigens may make the body build an immune response to kill melanoma cells. Interleukin-2 may stimulate a person's white blood cells to kill tumor cells. Combining vaccine therapy with interleukin-2 may kill more melanoma cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and how well giving vaccine therapy and interleukin-2 works compared to vaccine therapy alone in treating patients with metastatic melanoma that has not responded to previous therapy.

Condition Intervention Phase
Melanoma (Skin) Biological: MART-1 antigen Biological: aldesleukin Biological: gp100 antigen Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Study in Patients With Metastatic Melanoma of Immunization With Dendritic Cells Presenting Epitopes Derived From The Melanoma Associated Antigens MART-1 and gp 100

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: April 1997
Study Completion Date: July 2006
Detailed Description:


  • Evaluate the toxicity, immunologic reactivity, and possible therapeutic efficacy of immunization with dendritic cells presenting the MART-1 and gp100 melanoma antigens with or without interleukin-2 in patients with metastatic melanoma.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of dendritic cells pulsed with MART-1 and gp100 antigens.

Patients receive vaccinations with dendritic cells pulsed with MART-1 and gp100 antigens, either intralymphatically every 4 weeks for 2 doses, or IV every 3 weeks for 4 doses. Some patients also receive interleukin-2 subcutaneously or IV, over 3-5 days, beginning 24 hours after immunization.

Cohorts of 2-9 patients receive escalating doses of pulsed dendritic cells IV until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Subsequent cohorts receive cells with or without interleukin-2. One cohort may expand to 15 patients to determine the accuracy of immunologic response to the vaccine.

One cohort of 11 patients receives cells intralymphatically without interleukin-2 every 3-4 weeks for 2 courses. Patients with stable disease or who achieve minor, mixed, or partial response may be retreated.

Patients with stable or responding disease undergo a second course of vaccination. Patients who completed treatment with vaccine alone and have stable disease, progressive disease, disease progression after a response, or a partial response with no further improvement may receive 2 additional courses.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 10-42 patients will be accrued for this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed metastatic melanoma that has failed standard effective therapy
  • Measurable or evaluable disease
  • HLA-A2 positive



  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • ECOG 0-2

Life expectancy:

  • More than 3 months


  • WBC greater than 3,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin greater than 8.0 g/dL


  • Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL
  • AST/ALT less than 4 times upper limit of normal
  • Negative hepatitis B surface antigen
  • No coagulation disorder


  • Creatinine no greater than 1.6 mg/dL OR
  • Creatinine clearance greater than 75 mL/min


  • No major cardiovascular disease


  • No major respiratory disease


  • No major immunological disease
  • No penicillin allergy
  • HIV negative
  • No active systemic infection
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception


Biologic therapy

  • Not specified


  • Not specified

Endocrine therapy

  • At least 4 weeks since prior steroid therapy and recovered


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • More than 4 weeks since any other prior therapy and recovered
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00019214

United States, Maryland
Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center - NCI Clinical Studies Support
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892-1182
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: James C. Yang, MD NCI - Surgery Branch
  More Information Identifier: NCT00019214     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00001558
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000065234
Study First Received: July 11, 2001
Last Updated: June 18, 2013

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
recurrent melanoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Antineoplastic Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents processed this record on September 21, 2017