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Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Multiple Myeloma

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: March 1, 2007
Last updated: June 19, 2013
Last verified: May 2006

RATIONALE: Vaccines made from a person's tumor cells may make the body build an immune response and kill their tumor cells. Peripheral stem cell transplantation may be able to replace immune cells that were destroyed by chemotherapy used to kill tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of peripheral stem cell transplantation plus vaccine therapy and chemotherapy in treating patients who have multiple myeloma.

Condition Intervention Phase
Stage II Multiple Myeloma
Stage III Multiple Myeloma
Refractory Plasma Cell Neoplasm
Drug: autologous tumor cell vaccine
Drug: keyhole limpet hemocyanin
Drug: melphalan
Drug: sargramostim
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Autologous Myeloma-Derived Immunoglobulin Idiotype Conjugated to Keyhole Limpet Hemocyanin Plus Sargramostim (GM-CSF) in Patients With Multiple Myeloma Undergoing Second Autologous Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: July 1995
Study Completion Date: March 2007
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine whether autologous myeloma-derived immunoglobulin idiotype conjugated to keyhole limpet hemocyanin plus sargramostim (GM-CSF) can induce cellular and humoral immunity against the unique idiotype expressed on the surface of myeloma cells in patients with multiple myeloma undergoing second autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation.

II. Determine the clinical efficacy and safety of this regimen in these patients.

PROTOCOL OUTLINE: Within 6 months after the first autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (APBSCT), patients receive melphalan IV over 30 minutes on day -2 and the second APBSCT on day 0. Sargramostim (GM-CSF) is administered subcutaneously (SC) beginning on day 1 and continuing until blood counts recover. Patients are also assigned to 1 of 3 vaccination groups.

Group 1: Patients receive autologous myeloma-derived immunoglobulin idiotype conjugated to keyhole limpet hemocyanin (Id-KLH) SC on day 1 and GM-CSF SC on days 1-4 of months 2, 3, and 5 after the second APBSCT for a total of 3 vaccinations.

Group 2: Patients receive Id-KLH SC on day 1 and GM-CSF SC on days 1-4 of months 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 after the second APBSCT for a total of 6 vaccinations.

Group 3: Patients receive Id-KLH SC on day 1 and GM-CSF SC on days 1-4 of weeks -8, -6, and -2 before and months 2, 3, and 5 after the second APBSCT for a total of 6 vaccinations.

Patients are followed within 3 months and then every 6 months.


A maximum of 60 patients (20 per treatment group) will be accrued for this study within 3 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)


--Disease Characteristics-- Immunoglobulin G or immunoglobulin A (IgA) multiple myeloma Low or intermediate risk disease based on the following criteria: Cytogenetics: no translocations, 11q, or -13/13q- Beta-2 microglobulin less than 2.5 mg/L before the first autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (APBSCT) M-protein concentration in harvested plasma greater than 50% of total immunoglobulin of corresponding isotype (M-protein must be able to be purified by protein A- or anti-IgA-sepharose) Patients achieving partial or complete response after the first APBSCT eligible --Prior/Concurrent Therapy-- Biologic therapy: See Disease Characteristics No prior APBSCT with CD34 selected stem cells Chemotherapy: Not specified Endocrine therapy: Steroids must be discontinued at least 4 weeks prior to vaccination No concurrent steroids Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: Not specified Other: Any prior therapy must be completed at least 8 weeks prior to second APBSCT Recovered from the toxic effects of prior therapy No concurrent aspirin or nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs --Patient Characteristics-- Age: 18 and over Performance status: Karnofsky 70-100% Life expectancy: More than 8 weeks Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 2.0 mg/dL and not rising for at least 2-4 weeks before transplantation SGOT no greater than 4 times upper limit of normal and not rising for at least 2-4 weeks before transplantation Renal: Creatinine less than 2 times normal and not rising for at least 2-4 weeks before transplantation OR Creatinine clearance greater than 40 mL/min Cardiovascular: LVEF greater than 50% by MUGA scan Pulmonary: DLCO greater than 50% predicted Other: No other medical condition that would increase risk of transplantation HIV negative Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception

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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00019097

United States, Arkansas
Arkansas Cancer Research Center
Little Rock, Arkansas, United States, 72205
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
Little Rock, Arkansas, United States, 72205
United States, Maryland
Medicine Branch
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Larry W. Kwak National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information Identifier: NCT00019097     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00001562
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000064244
Study First Received: March 1, 2007
Last Updated: June 19, 2013

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
body system/site cancer
genetic condition
hematopoietic/lymphoid cancer
multiple myeloma
multiple myeloma and other plasma cell neoplasms
plasma cell neoplasm
refractory plasma cell neoplasm
stage II multiple myeloma
stage III multiple myeloma
stage, plasma cell neoplasm

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Immunoglobulin Idiotypes
Keyhole-limpet hemocyanin
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Immunosuppressive Agents processed this record on May 25, 2017