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Chemotherapy Followed by Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Malignant Glioma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00019071
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 5, 2004
Last Update Posted : April 29, 2015
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining radiation therapy with chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of cladribine followed by radiation therapy in treating patients who have malignant glioma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors Drug: chemotherapy Drug: cladribine Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 1

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of cladribine in combination with radiotherapy in patients with high grade glioma. II. Assess this regimen in terms of toxicity and survival in these patients. III. Assess the acute neurotoxicity of continuous infusion cladribine in these patients. IV. Assess this regimen in terms of response, local control, and time to progression in these patients. V. Define a dose level of cladribine associated with potentiation of acute and/or delayed radiation toxicity (radiosensitizing dose level).

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study of cladribine. Patients receive cladribine by continuous IV infusion 5 days a week for 4 weeks and undergo radiotherapy twice a day, beginning 3 hours after initiation of cladribine, 5 days a week for 4.5 weeks. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of cladribine until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose limiting toxicity. Patients are followed at 1 month, then every 3 months thereafter for survival.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 12-42 patients will be accrued for this study within 18 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : March 1995

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Cladribine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven high-grade glioma confined to 1 or both hemispheres of the brain and including: Grade III astrocytoma (anaplastic astrocytoma) Grade IV astrocytoma (glioblastoma multiforme) ineligible for NCI-95-C-0069 protocol Histologic confirmation of high-grade astrocytoma by NIH neuropathology division required (including mandatory review of slides from biopsy or resection) No evidence of metastatic or leptomeningeal spread

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Over 18 Performance status: Karnofsky 60-100% ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: Greater than 6 months Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,500/mm3 Absolute granulocyte count at least 900/mm3 Absolute leukocyte count at least 900/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hemoglobin at least 10 g/dL Hepatic: Liver function tests no greater than 2.5 times upper limit of normal Renal: Creatinine clearance at least 95 mL/min Creatinine no greater than 1.3 mg/dL Other: No history of psychiatric disease that would prevent compliance No other malignancy within the past 5 years except: Basal cell carcinoma of the skin Carcinoma in situ of the cervix Not pregnant

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: No systemic chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No prior cranial radiotherapy Surgery: No more than 3 months since surgery (biopsy; subtotal or near-total resection)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00019071

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United States, Maryland
Radiation Oncology Branch
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: C. Norman Coleman, MD NCI - Radiation Oncology Branch; ROB
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00019071    
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00001433
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000064153
First Posted: April 5, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 29, 2015
Last Verified: May 2002
Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
adult glioblastoma
adult anaplastic astrocytoma
adult giant cell glioblastoma
adult gliosarcoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Nervous System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs