This site became the new on June 19th. Learn more.
Show more Menu IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu IMPORTANT: Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu
Give us feedback

Chemotherapy Followed by Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Malignant Glioma

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: July 11, 2001
Last updated: April 28, 2015
Last verified: May 2002

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining radiation therapy with chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of cladribine followed by radiation therapy in treating patients who have malignant glioma.

Condition Intervention Phase
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors Drug: chemotherapy Drug: cladribine Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: March 1995
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of cladribine in combination with radiotherapy in patients with high grade glioma. II. Assess this regimen in terms of toxicity and survival in these patients. III. Assess the acute neurotoxicity of continuous infusion cladribine in these patients. IV. Assess this regimen in terms of response, local control, and time to progression in these patients. V. Define a dose level of cladribine associated with potentiation of acute and/or delayed radiation toxicity (radiosensitizing dose level).

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study of cladribine. Patients receive cladribine by continuous IV infusion 5 days a week for 4 weeks and undergo radiotherapy twice a day, beginning 3 hours after initiation of cladribine, 5 days a week for 4.5 weeks. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of cladribine until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose limiting toxicity. Patients are followed at 1 month, then every 3 months thereafter for survival.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 12-42 patients will be accrued for this study within 18 months.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven high-grade glioma confined to 1 or both hemispheres of the brain and including: Grade III astrocytoma (anaplastic astrocytoma) Grade IV astrocytoma (glioblastoma multiforme) ineligible for NCI-95-C-0069 protocol Histologic confirmation of high-grade astrocytoma by NIH neuropathology division required (including mandatory review of slides from biopsy or resection) No evidence of metastatic or leptomeningeal spread

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Over 18 Performance status: Karnofsky 60-100% ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: Greater than 6 months Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,500/mm3 Absolute granulocyte count at least 900/mm3 Absolute leukocyte count at least 900/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hemoglobin at least 10 g/dL Hepatic: Liver function tests no greater than 2.5 times upper limit of normal Renal: Creatinine clearance at least 95 mL/min Creatinine no greater than 1.3 mg/dL Other: No history of psychiatric disease that would prevent compliance No other malignancy within the past 5 years except: Basal cell carcinoma of the skin Carcinoma in situ of the cervix Not pregnant

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: No systemic chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No prior cranial radiotherapy Surgery: No more than 3 months since surgery (biopsy; subtotal or near-total resection)

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00019071

United States, Maryland
Radiation Oncology Branch
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: C. Norman Coleman, MD NCI - Radiation Oncology Branch; ROB
  More Information Identifier: NCT00019071     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00001433
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000064153
Study First Received: July 11, 2001
Last Updated: April 28, 2015

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
adult glioblastoma
adult anaplastic astrocytoma
adult giant cell glioblastoma
adult gliosarcoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Nervous System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on August 17, 2017