Genetics, Metabolism and Weight Loss in Older, Obese Veterans
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This study is designed to determine whether sequence variation in the lipoprotein lipase (LPQ) gene affects the amount of weight loss and metabolic responses during a hypocaloric diet treatment for overweight and obese (BMI=25-35 kg/m2), older (50-65 yrs), sedentary veterans.
Condition or disease
Behavioral: Weight Loss
Veterans who are 50-65 yrs, non-smoking, sedentary and weight stable with a BMI between 25-35 kg/m2 (120-150% desirable body weight) are recruited and screened via telephone, medical history, and physical exam. Exclusion criteria are: diabetes, hypertriglyceridemia (>400 mg/dl), history of cancer or myocardial infarction, clinical depression, renal, liver or hematologic disease, and medications that affect glucose or lipid metabolism (thiazides, estrogen replacement, beta-blockers). Changes in total and visceral body fat are measured by dual x-ray absorptiometry and computerized tomography, resting energy expenditure and fat oxidation rate by indirect calorimetry, and lipoprotein lipids by enzymatic assay. Glucose tolerance is assessed during a three-hour oral glucose tolerance test with measurement of glucose- and insulin levels every 30 minutes. LPL activity is measured in 3050mg pieces of subcutaneous abdominal and gluteal adipose tissue.
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Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:
50 Years to 65 Years (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
50-65 yrs, non-smoking, sedentary and weight stable with a BMI between 25-35 kg/m2 (120-150% desirable body weight) are recruited and screened via telephone, medical history, and physical exam.
Hypertriglyceridemia (>400 mg/dl),
History of cancer or myocardial infarction,
Renal, liver or hematologic disease, and
Medications that affect glucose or lipid metabolism (thiazides, estrogen replacement, beta-blockers).