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Dacarbazine With or Without Oblimersen (G3139) in Treating Patients With Advanced Malignant Melanoma

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: May 6, 2001
Last updated: January 3, 2014
Last verified: October 2002

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Oblimersen (G3139) may help dacarbazine kill more cancer cells by making tumor cells more sensitive to the drug. It is not yet known if dacarbazine is more effective with or without oblimersen (G3139).

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of dacarbazine with or without oblimersen (G3139) in treating patients who have advanced malignant melanoma.

Condition Intervention Phase
Melanoma (Skin) Biological: oblimersen sodium Drug: dacarbazine Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Study Of Dacarbazine Versus Dacarbazine Plus G3139 (Bcl-2 Antisense Oligonucleotide) In Patients With Advanced Malignant Melanoma

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: July 2000
Study Completion Date: December 2004
Detailed Description:


  • Compare the survival of patients with advanced malignant melanoma treated with dacarbazine with or without oblimersen (G3139).
  • Compare the response rate, durable response rate, and progression-free survival of patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the safety of these regimens in this patient population.
  • Compare the performance status, body weight, and tumor-related symptoms of patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open-label, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to ECOG performance status (0 vs 1 or 2), extent of metastases and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level (skin subcutaneous and/or lymph node metastases without visceral involvement and normal LDH vs any visceral metastases or elevated LDH), and liver metastases (yes vs no). Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive dacarbazine IV over 60 minutes on day 1.
  • Arm II: Patients receive oblimersen (G3139) IV continuously over days 1-6 followed by dacarbazine IV over 60 minutes on day 6.

Treatment repeats every 21 days for a maximum of 8 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with stable disease or partial or complete response may be eligible for another 8 courses of treatment in an extension protocol.

Patients are followed at least every 2 months for up to 2 years after study.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 750 patients (375 per arm) will be accrued for this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed malignant melanoma

    • Progressive disease that is unresectable or metastatic
  • No primary ocular or mucosal melanoma
  • At least 1 unidimensionally measurable lesion by physical exam or imaging studies

    • At least 10 mm by caliper for superficial cutaneous disease
    • At least 20 mm by contrast-enhanced or spiral CT scan for visceral or nodal/soft tissue disease
    • No bone metastases as only site of measurable disease
    • Lesions considered non-measurable include the following:

      • Bone lesions
      • Pleural/pericardial effusion
      • Lymphangitis cutis/pulmonis
      • Abdominal masses that are not confirmed and followed by imaging
      • Lesions located in a previously irradiated area
  • No brain metastases or leptomeningeal disease
  • Considered a medical candidate for dacarbazine treatment



  • Any age

Performance status:

  • ECOG 0-2

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin at least 8 g/dL (hematopoietic growth factor or transfusion independent)


  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • ALT/AST no greater than 2.5 times ULN
  • Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 2.5 times ULN
  • Albumin at least 2.5 g/dL
  • PT/PTT no greater than 1.5 times ULN
  • No history of chronic hepatitis or cirrhosis


  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times ULN OR
  • Creatinine clearance at least 50 mL/min


  • No uncontrolled congestive heart failure
  • No New York Heart Association class III or IV disease
  • No symptomatic coronary artery disease (e.g., uncontrolled arrhythmias or recurrent chest pain despite prophylactic medication)
  • No cardiovascular signs and symptoms at least grade 2 within the past 4 weeks


  • Intellectually, emotionally, and physically able to maintain an ambulatory infusion pump
  • Satisfactory venous access
  • No other significant medical disease
  • No uncontrolled seizure disorder
  • No active infection
  • No uncontrolled diabetes mellitus
  • No active autoimmune disease
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No known hypersensitivity to phosphorothioate-containing oligonucleotides or dacarbazine
  • No known HIV infection
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception


Biologic therapy:

  • At least 4 weeks since prior immunotherapy, cytokine, biologic, or vaccine therapy in the adjuvant and/or metastatic setting and recovered
  • No concurrent prophylactic growth factors (e.g., filgrastim [G-CSF], sargramostim [GM-CSF] or epoetin alfa) during course 1 of study


  • No prior cytotoxic chemotherapy, including regional perfusion

Endocrine therapy:

  • No concurrent chronic corticosteroids with an average dose of at least 20 mg of prednisone or equivalent per day


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered
  • No prior radiotherapy to measurable target lesions unless progression occurred at that site or measurable disease developed outside the treated area


  • At least 4 weeks since prior surgery and recovered
  • No prior organ allografts


  • At least 3 weeks since prior experimental therapy
  • No prior intratumoral injection therapy to measurable target lesions unless progression occurred at that site or measurable disease developed outside the treated area
  • No concurrent immunosuppressive drugs
  • No concurrent anticoagulation therapy except 1 mg/day of warfarin for central line prophylaxis
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00016263

United States, California
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, UCLA
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095-1781
United States, New Jersey
Genta Incorporated
Berkeley Heights, New Jersey, United States, 07922
Sponsors and Collaborators
Genta Incorporated
Study Chair: Stanley R. Frankel, MD Genta Incorporated
  More Information Identifier: NCT00016263     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000068616
Study First Received: May 6, 2001
Last Updated: January 3, 2014

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage III melanoma
stage IV melanoma
recurrent melanoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas processed this record on September 21, 2017