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Emergency Use of Voriconazole in Patients With Life-Threatening Invasive Fungal Infections

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00015665
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 30, 2001
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2008
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

This protocol provides for emergency treatment with the experimental anti-fungal drug voriconazole for patients with life-threatening invasive fungal infections. The increase in the number of patients whose immune function is suppressed because of chemotherapy, tissue or organ transplantation, or HIV infection has led to an increase in fungal infections. New drugs are needed to combat these infections in patients who do not respond to or cannot tolerate standard treatments.

Patients on other primary NIH protocols who have an invasive life-threatening fungal infection that does not respond to currently available treatments or who cannot tolerate these treatments may be eligible for this study.

Participants will have a blood test and a physical examination before receiving voriconazole. They will receive voriconazole twice a day either as an infusion into a vein or as tablets taken by mouth. Adult patients will be asked to provide a blood sample any time after the first dose of voriconazole to be used for developing a test to measure voriconazole concentration in the blood. Patients will be evaluated about 10 days after starting treatment and then at least once every 4 weeks with a symptom check and blood test.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Mycoses Drug: Voriconazole Phase 3

Detailed Description:

The increase in the number of immunosuppressed patients as a result of more aggressive chemotherapy, transplantation, HIV infection has lead to an increase in the incidence of invasive fungal infections. Moreover, despite the availability of newer, less toxic preparations of Amphotericin B and azole antifungals such as fluconazole and itraconazole, invasive mycoses remain a therapeutic challenge.

Voriconazole is a new triazole that has shown in phase II studies to be very active against Aspergillus sp. Its side effect profile has been very benign, comparable with those of other FDA approved triazoles. In vitro studies also show that voriconazole has a very broad spectrum ranging from opportunistic to endemic fungi. In addition, the availability of intravenous and oral formulations add to its potential advantages because the therapy of these infections usually require long courses on antifungals.

In this study, voriconazole is used as a salvage therapy for those patients who are unable to tolerate or who have failed other antifungal therapies. Because of the abundance of immunocompromised patients at our center, we believe that having such a protocol ready for enrollment would mitigate delays in such crucial moments. We seek to enroll and treat 40 patients over a 3 year period.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 40 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Open-Label, Non-Comparative Protocol for the Emergency Use of Voriconazole in Patients With Life Threatening, Invasive Mycoses Who Are Failing on Currently Available Antifungal Agents
Study Start Date : April 2001
Study Completion Date : March 2003

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


All subjects must have a proven fungal infection that is resistant to standard therapy, or to which the patient is significantly intolerant. (Intolerance must include signs of intolerance such as fever, rigors, laboratory abnormalities, as well as subjective symptoms).

Children are eligible.


AST, ALT greater than 10x the upper limit of normal

Previous hypersensitivity to azole antifungals

Concomitant Rifampin, carbamazepine, or barbiturates or greater than 3 days of such drugs in the 14 days prior to treatment with voriconazole

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00015665

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United States, Maryland
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00015665    
Other Study ID Numbers: 010150
First Posted: April 30, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
Last Verified: March 2003
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Fungal Infections
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors