Immune System and Gut Abnormalities in Patients With Common Variable Immunodeficiency With and Without Gastrointestinal Symptoms

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00015431
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 19, 2001
Last Update Posted : February 14, 2018
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

This study will determine whether people with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) with and without gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms have gut abnormalities (inflammation or loss of function) and changes in immune system cells and chemicals in the blood and gut. People with CVID have decreased levels of serum immunoglobulin IgG and IgA. Patients have sinus, lung and other infections, and many also have stomach and intestinal problems, such as chronic diarrhea, inability to absorb nutrition from food, and intestinal infections caused by bacteria.

CVID patients with gastrointestinal symptoms 10 years of age and older may be eligible for this study; CVID patients without gastrointestinal symptoms 18 years of age and older will be enrolled as control subjects. Candidates will be screened with a review of their medical records, a medical history and physical examination, HIV blood test, stool sample, and hydrogen breath test. The breath test measures the amount of hydrogen in the breath after drinking sugar water, showing the digestive effects of bacteria in the upper intestine.

Participants will be admitted to the NIH Clinical Center for several days to undergo the following procedures:

  • Medical history and physical examination
  • Blood tests
  • Urine and stool samples
  • 48-hour stool fat collection measures the amount of undigested fat in the stool to determine the ability of the gut to digest and absorb fat in the diet
  • D-Xylose absorption test measures the ability of a sugar compound to travel across the lining of the intestine to determine the ability of the gut to absorb nutrients
  • Upper endoscopy a thin flexible lighted tube is advanced through the mouth to evaluate the esophagus, stomach and beginning of the small intestine
  • Lower endoscopy a thin lighted tube is advanced through the rectum to evaluate the colon

Identification of GI abnormalities associated with changes in immune response in CVID patients will help in developing and testing new treatments for this disease.

Condition or disease
Common Variable Immunodeficiency

Detailed Description:

Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a clinically heterogeneous disorder characterized by decreased serum immunoglobulin IgG and IgA levels. In addition to chronic or recurrent sinopulmonary infections, many patients develop gastrointestinal manifestations that can be disabling or fatal. Data suggest that these gut abnormalities have a primary immune basis, implicating T cells primarily, and are not related to the infectious complications of CVID. Currently there is no standard therapy for the associated gastrointestinal disease outside of empiric nutritional intervention for weight loss and non-specific anti-diarrheal agents. In addition there is no data about the prevalence of gastrointestinal abnormalities in CVID patients who have no overt gastrointestinal symptoms.

The objectives of this study are to characterize the gastrointestinal abnormalities that occur in CVID patients and correlate this with the immunophenotype and cytokine secretion of peripheral blood and lamina propria lymphocytes and monocytes. CVID patients with gastrointestinal symptoms of malabsorption/maldigestion and chronic diarrhea will be targeted for study. We will also include a group of patients without gastrointestinal symptoms to provide an estimate of background prevalence and severity of gut abnormalities. Subjects will undergo a standard immunologic workup including peripheral blood lymphocyte marker phenotyping and cytokine responses as well as tests of gastrointestinal absorption, examination of gut histology by endoscopic biopsy, and measurement of gut mucosal cytokine expression. Analysis variables will include clinical (weight, stool frequency, results of gut absorption tests), laboratory (lymphocyte and cytokine assays), and gut abnormalities (histology scores and specific lesions).

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Official Title: The Immune Basis for the Gastrointestinal Complications of Common Variable Immunodeficiency
Study Start Date : April 16, 2001
Study Completion Date : July 10, 2013

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   10 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Must have a verifiable diagnosis of common variable immune deficiency specifically a decrease both in IgG and at least one other Ig isotype to below two standard deviations of normal control levels.

Must be age 10 years old or older for patients with gastrointestinal symptoms or age 18 years or older in the absence of gastrointestinal symptoms.

Must be free of active sinopulmonary or other infection at time of enrollment.

Must have negative results on stool examination for culture of enteric pathogens (Salmonella, Shigella, Yersinia, Campylobacter, Vibrio, E. Coli O157/H7), Clostridia difficile toxin assay, enteric parasites and their ova (including Cryptosporidia, Cyclospora, Microsporidia and Giardia (by stool EIA)).

Adults who are unable to provide initial or on-going consent may participate in this study.


Absence of other antibody deficiency states including X-linked agammaglobulinemia, hyper IgM syndrome, selective deficiency of IgG subclass, and Ig heavy chain gene deletions.

Use of immunomodulating drugs within the following times prior to enrollment: daily corticosteroids (4 weeks), azathioprine/6-MP, cyclosporine, methotrexate, or FK506 (3 months). The use of short-term or single dose corticosteroids as a pretreatment regimen for IVIG is acceptable.

Positive test for anti-HIV.

Significant systemic or major disease including congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease and pre-existing or recent onset CNS demyelinating disorder, pulmonary disease, renal failure, organ transplantation, decompensated liver disease, serious psychiatric disease, or malignancy that in the opinion of the investigator would preclude successful endoscopic evaluation.

Pregnancy, to avoid endoscopies without a strictly therapeutic intent in this relatively high risk population.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00015431

United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Principal Investigator: Ivan J Fuss, M.D. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Publications: Identifier: NCT00015431     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 010153
First Posted: April 19, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 14, 2018
Last Verified: July 10, 2013

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Common Variable Immunodeficiency

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Common Variable Immunodeficiency
Immune System Diseases