Repeat Antenatal Steroids Trial (BEARS)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00015002|
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Concerns regarding neonatal data)
First Posted : April 18, 2001
Last Update Posted : March 31, 2022
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Complications, Pregnancy||Drug: Betamethasone||Phase 3|
After the NICHD Consensus Development Conference in 1994, the antenatal administration of antenatal corticosteroids (betamethasone or dexamethasone) for prevention of death and the serious morbidities associated with preterm birth has become an accepted standard in American obstetric practice. Studies have shown that maximum beneficial effect occurs when the fetus is delivered within 7 days of antenatal steroid administration. The efficacy and safety of a single course of corticosteroids has been substantiated but it is unknown whether repetitive dosing has similar efficacy or what the maternal, fetal and neonatal risks are. Repeat courses of steroids are often administered. Two popular regimens exist for the patient who remains undelivered more than one week after initial therapy but who remains at risk for preterm birth. In one, steroids are repeated weekly until 34 weeks gestation, while in the other, steroids are only given once.
This multicenter trial is testing the safety and efficacy of weekly administration of antenatal steroids. Twenty four hundred women < 32.0 weeks gestation who are at risk for spontaneous preterm delivery and remain pregnant at least seven days after an initial course of corticosteroids are being randomized to either weekly courses of masked study drug (betamethasone or placebo) for 4 weeks or delivery, whichever comes first. Patients are asked about side effects at the weekly visits and samples of maternal blood at randomization and delivery are collected. Cord blood and placentas are also collected. Cranial ultrasounds are done on all neonates. On a subgroup of patients, an adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) stimulation test is being performed and an auditory brainstem response (ABR) performed. All infants attend a follow-up visit at 18 to 22 months corrected age where certified examiners, masked to study group assignment, collect physical and neurological data. The Bayley Scales of Infant Development will also be administered. A subgroup of infants will be seen at 36 months to administer the Intelligence scale from the McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||486 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)|
|Official Title:||A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial of Antenatal Corticosteroid Regimens|
|Study Start Date :||March 2000|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||May 2006|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||March 2007|
- Drug: Betamethasone
coded study medication is 12 mg of betamethasone (or placebo) given as 2 ml intramuscular injection in 2 doses, 24 hours apart (the "Course"). Patients administered weekly courses for 4 weeks, until 33 weeks 6 days gestation or delivery, whichever occurs first.
- Composite outcome: including neonatal mortality/stillbirth, severe RDS, chronic lung disease, grade III/IV IVH, PVL
- Neonatal morbidity
- Maternal morbidity
- Neonatal Growth parameters
- Infant neurological parameters
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00015002
|Principal Investigator:||Ronald J Wapner, MD||MCP Hahnemann University Hospital|