Biomarkers of Benzene Exposure in Inner City Residents

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00014963
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 18, 2001
Last Update Posted : March 23, 2006
Mickey Leland National Urban Air Toxics Research Center
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Information provided by:
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Brief Summary:
This study compares air pollution exposures of residents in a South Baltimore community next to major industry with those in a comparison community with much less industry nearby. Parents and children as well as adults alone will be included. Air levels of 3 chemicals that have been found in increased amounts in the community as well as two urinary breakdown products of benzene will be measured. Participants will limit the amount of sorbate preserved foods they eat as this preservative interferes with one of the benzene breakdown products. Benzene air and urine exposure measurements will be compared in each community as well as between communities. By including children and parents we will gather exposure information on children who may be more sensitive that adults to these types of pollution. Lastly, by restricting the amount of food preserved with sorbates, we can decide if this improves the use of ttMA for people exposed to benzene from air pollution.

Condition or disease
Lung Disease Cancer

Detailed Description:
The current study focuses on an environmental exposure assessment of a South Baltimore community residing near a heavily industrialized area. Exposure differences between this community and a reference community that is demographically similar to South Baltimore but has limited industrial impact will be assessed. Participants will include both parent child study pairs and adults. Outdoor, indoor and personal 72 hour badge monitoring for benzene, 1,3-butadiene and carbon tetrachloride will be performed. Two urinary biomarkers for benzene exposure, trans,trans-muconic acid (ttMA) and s-phenylmercapturic acid (S-PMA) will be measured at 3 daily time points over the 3 day period. Past work indicates that ingestion of sorbate preserved foods causes substantial interference with the benzene biomarker, ttMA. Therefore, participants will restrict their intake of sorbate preserved foods during the study. On the day of greatest dietary restriction, a 24 hour benzene personal air measurement will be obtained. Data analysis will include correlations of benzene badge exposure measurements and urinary biomarkers. Air and biomarker benzene exposure data will be compared between communities. Linear regression modeling will be used to determine important explanatory factors of the biomarkers. The inclusion of parent child study pairs will also allow correlation of benzene air levels and urinary biomarkers between parents and children. This will provide exposure information on a potentially susceptible subpopulation, e.g. children, and allow assessment of potential for age-related differences in benzene metabolism. Finally, we will be able to determine if dietary restriction is practical and results in greater specificity of ttMA as a benzene biomarker.

Study Type : Observational
Enrollment : 90 participants
Allocation: Random Sample
Primary Purpose: Screening
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
residence in one of the study communities

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00014963

United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21205
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
Mickey Leland National Urban Air Toxics Research Center
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)