Treatment of Depression in Patients With PTSD
Behavioral: Self-management therapy; Psychoeducational group therapy
|Study Design:||Masking: Single Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Treatment of Depression in Patients With PTSD|
|Study Start Date:||October 1997|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2002|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2002 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Arm 1||Behavioral: Self-management therapy; Psychoeducational group therapy|
Post-traumatic stress disorder is a mental health problem of enormous proportion within the VA system for both male and female veterans. The 40 percent of veterans with PTSD and concurrent clinically significant depression are particularly difficult to treat. Effective and efficient treatment of veterans with this combination of disorders would be of benefit to a significant number of veterans.
Well-validated treatments of PTSD and its complications are rare. There are no studies of treatment addressing the sequelae of chronic PTSD, including depressive symptomatology. Our study is the first randomized, controlled study of group psychosocial interventions for the combination of PTSD and depression in male and female veterans. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the impact of two psychosocial interventions on clinical outcomes and on the use of hospital resources by veterans with these co-existing disorders.
Male and female veterans with both PTSD and depressive diagnoses will be recruited for the study. Male veterans must have combat-related PTSD, and female veterans will have trauma related to sexual assault. Veterans will be randomly assigned to either Self-Management Therapy (Rehm, 1984), a cognitive-behavioral treatment program for depression, or to a Psychoeducational Group Therapy (Dunn, et al., 1998). Both programs involve short-term group therapies that teach veterans about their disorders, and provide them with new strategies and skills for overcoming them. These therapy groups will be in addition to other standard care that veterans receive within the Trauma Recovery Program at the Houston VA Medical Center. Approximately 120 male veterans and 60 female veterans will be enrolled in the program. Participants will be assessed at pretest, posttest, and at 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up periods, utilizing various clinician-administered and self-report instruments of psychiatric symptomatology, psychosocial functioning, constructs targeted by the therapy groups, treatment compliances, and satisfaction.
Final report preparation.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00013091
|United States, Texas|
|Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, Houston, TX|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||Nancy Jo Dunn, PhD||Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, Houston, TX|