A Randomized Trial to Implement the AHCPR Smoking Cessation Guideline
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||A Randomized Trial to Implement the AHCPR Smoking Cessation Guideline|
|Study Completion Date:||August 2001|
Among veterans, smoking is the single most important risk factor for preventable mortality and morbidity, and studies suggest a higher prevalence of smoking among veterans than the general population. The VHA has encouraged adoption of the AHCPR Guideline for Smoking Cessation, yet most hospitals have poorly developed smoking cessation programs.
The present study is designed to investigate the effectiveness of an organizational strategy to increase compliance with the AHCPR guideline. Short term goals of the study include increasing the rate of identification of smokers and increasing the delivery of brief smoking cessation interventions. Long term goals include reducing tobacco consumption among veterans.
Twenty VAMC�s with active primary care clinics have been randomly assigned to either control (usual practice; UP) or intervention (organizational support; OS) groups. The intervention hospitals receive staff training and site consultation; all hospitals will receive the AHCPR guideline. Rate of identification of smokers in the medical record, smoking cessation rates, provision of smoking cessation services (e.g., NRT, counseling), and costs of NRT will be determined via telephone interviews with patients, chart review, and electronic records.
Baseline data collection is nearly complete, and the intervention period will be complete in September, 2000. We have completed telephone surveys with approximately 4500 veterans. Analysis of study data is ongoing, and manuscript preparation will begin within the next few months.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00013013
|United States, Minnesota|
|Minneapolis VA Health Care System, Minneapolis, MN|
|Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55417|
|Principal Investigator:||Anne M. Joseph, MD MPH||Minneapolis VA Health Care System, Minneapolis, MN|