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Collection and Storage of Umbilical Cord Stem Cells for Treatment of Sickle Cell Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00012545
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 12, 2001
Last Update Posted : September 13, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) )

Brief Summary:

This study will determine the best ways to collect, process and store umbilical cord blood from babies with sickle cell disease, sickle cell trait and unaffected babies. Sickle cell disease is an abnormality of the hemoglobin in red blood cells that causes the cells to change shape and clump together, preventing their normal flow in the bloodstream. This impairs blood flow to various organs, and the resulting oxygen deprivation causes organ damage.

Cord blood is rich in stem cells (cells produced in the bone marrow that mature to different types of blood cells), which may prove useful in new sickle cell therapies. However, cord blood from babies with sickle cell trait, sickle cell disease and normal babies may act differently under laboratory conditions, so it is important to learn how best to work with blood from all three groups of babies for future use in possible treatments.

Pregnant women between 18 and 45 years of age who are at risk of having an infant with sickle cell disease and normal volunteers who are pregnant and not at risk for this disease may be eligible for this study. Potential participants will be counseled about donating her infant s blood in order to make an informed choice.

All women who participate in the study will provide a medical history and have blood collected from the umbilical cord and placenta (afterbirth) after the baby s delivery. The blood will be tested for various infectious diseases, processed, frozen and stored for research purposes. In addition, blood from women with babies at risk for sickle cell disease will be tested for the presence of the sickle cell gene, tissue typed, and used for research as follows:

  • Sickle cell disease If cord blood tests show the baby has sickle cell disease, the blood will be frozen for an indefinite period of time for possible use in future treatment of the child. This treatment could include stem cell transplantation or gene therapy, treatments are not currently considered routine for sickle cell disease.
  • Sickle cell trait or normal hemoglobin If cord blood tests show the baby has sickle cell trait or is unaffected, the blood will be processed and stored for up to 3 years, during which time it may possibly be used to treat a currently living or future sibling with sickle cell disease. After 3 years, the participant may agree to either have the blood discarded, given to research or moved to another facility for continued storage at the participant s expense, if there is a storage fee. Alternatively, if there is no anticipated future need for the collected blood, or if it does not meet standards needed for future treatment, it will be used in NIH-approved research studies.

Participants and their family doctor or the baby s pediatrician will be contacted twice a year for information about changes in the baby s health. Participants may also be asked permission to perform new tests developed by researchers.


Condition or disease
Sickle Cell Disease Sickle Cell Trait

Detailed Description:

Umbilical cord blood is a source of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) for transplantation or gene therapy. Our goal is to procure umbilical cord blood from newborns at risk for sickle cell disease, sickle cell trait, and related disorders as well as normal newborns and store clinical grade cord blood units (CBU) for future use in clinical transplantation or gene therapy. Cord blood units will be collected from an indefinite number of subjects until 50 CBU from newborns with homozygous sickle cell disease have been cryopreserved.

The NIH Sickle Cell Cord Blood Program has contracted Duke University s Carolina Cord Blood Bank/Stem Cell Transplant Laboratory (CCBB/STCL)*^, a CAP and FACTaccredited and CLIA certified laboratory, to facilitate maternal screening, cord blood kit distribution or onsite collection, processing, and storage of cord blood for maternal subjects identified as being at risk of having an infant with sickle cell disease. Mothers between the ages of 18 and 45 years who meet specified medical history criteria will deliver at her preferred hospital using CCBB/STCL s directed donation kit program. The collected CBU and needed samples will be transported to the CCBB/STCL processing facility for processing and storage. Clinical grade frozen CBUs will be transferred to the NIH for future clinical transplantation (related allogeneic transplant) or gene therapy studies (autologous transplant) under an IRB approved protocol.

*Any future mention of CCBB/STCL is understood to be a contracted service for NIH Sickle Cell Cord Blood Program.

^CCBB/STCL has been contracted for a fee-for-service to collect and store cord blood units. CCBB/STCL will not be engaged in human subject research activities (e.g. recruitment, consenting, maintenance/ processing of data, data analysis, manuscript writing, access to personal identifiable information linked to data, and/or access to a key code, etc.).

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 352 participants
Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Collection and Storage of Umbilical Cord Hematopoietic Stem Cells for Sickle Cell Disease Therapy
Actual Study Start Date : November 1, 2001

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Group/Cohort
Healthy Pregnant Volunteers
Pregnant women whose babies are at risk for sickle cell anemia will be identified and referred to the NIH Research Coordinator for evaluation and entry into the study



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To procure cord blood units (CBU) from newborns at risk for sickle cell disease, sickle cell trait, and related disorders as well as normal newborns, as controls [ Time Frame: end-of-study ]
    To evaluate the feasibility of performing directed donor umbilical cord blood banking for families at risk for having children with congenital diseases amenable to treatment by autologous gene therapy or allogeneic hematopoietic transplantation; in this protocol, the feasibility will be studied specifically in families with risk for sickle cell anemia and related syndromes.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
This is a pilot feasibility study for which umbilical cord blood samples will be collected and transported to the NIH Clinical Center for our developmental research. Pregnant women whose babies are at risk for sickle cell anemia will be identified and referred to the NIH Research Coordinator for evaluation and entry into the study. The NIH Research Coordinator is experienced in performing patient education and counseling concerning sickle cell disease, and obtaining informed consent.
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Pregnant women who are at risk of having an infant or infants (in case of multiple births) with sickle cell

disease of the following types:

Hemoglobin Sbeta 0 thalassemia

Hemoglobin Sbeta + thalassemia

Hemoglobin SC

Hemoglobin SD

Hemoglobin SE

Hemoglobin SS

Or other sickle-related variant determined acceptable by PI

  1. Maternal subjects must be between 18 and 45 years old.
  2. Maternal subjects must be able to provide informed consent.
  3. Maternal subjects must work with their obstetrician to insure appropriate cord blood collection, sample collection, and completion of related documents.
  4. Maternal subjects enrolled on other studies are not excluded, unless the other study may interfere with the present one.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. The maternal subject will not be eligible for study if she is known to be positive for one or more of the following diseases transmissible by blood: HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, WNV, HTLV or ZIKV.
  2. Maternal subject will not be eligible for the study if she has active syphilis, toxoplasmosis, malaria or
  3. Maternal subject will not be eligible for the study if the pregnancy resulted from egg donation or sperm donation.
  4. Maternal subject is unable to give informed consent.
  5. Maternal subject is known to have a fetus with a significant congenital anomaly, either not compatible with life, or requiring immediate surgical intervention or care in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.
  6. Maternal subject has cancer or received treatment for cancer during pregnancy.
  7. Infant is premature (<34 weeks).
  8. Maternal subject may be excluded at the time of delivery if the attending physician or collection staff deems that the cord blood collection is inadvisable, due to unanticipated obstetrical complications.
  9. Cord blood received by CCBB/STLC is greater than 72 hours from collection

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00012545


Contacts
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Contact: Wynona Coles (301) 402-2104 wc93a@nih.gov
Contact: John F Tisdale, M.D. (301) 402-6497 johntis@mail.nih.gov

Locations
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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Office of Patient Recruitment (OPR)    800-411-1222 ext TTY dial 711    ccopr@nih.gov   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: John F Tisdale, M.D. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Additional Information:
Publications:
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Responsible Party: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00012545    
Other Study ID Numbers: 010122
01-H-0122
First Posted: March 12, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 13, 2022
Last Verified: September 9, 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) ):
Stem Cells
Sickle Cell Disease
Umbilical Cord Blood
Natural History
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Anemia, Sickle Cell
Sickle Cell Trait
Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital
Anemia, Hemolytic
Anemia
Hematologic Diseases
Hemoglobinopathies
Genetic Diseases, Inborn