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Pirfenidone to Treat Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00011076
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 12, 2001
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2008
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

This study will examine the effectiveness of the drug pirfenidone (Deskar) in improving heart function in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Stiffening of the heart muscle in patients with HCM impairs the heart's ability to relax and thus fill and empty properly. This can lead to heart failure, breathlessness and excessive fatigue. The heart's inability to relax may be due to scarring, or fibrosis, in the muscle wall. This study will test whether pirfenidone can reduce fibrosis, improve heart relaxation and reduce abnormal heart rhythms.

Men and women 20 to 75 years old with HCM may be eligible for this study. Participants will undergo a physical examination, blood tests, and other tests and procedures, described below, to assess heart function. When the tests are completed, patients will be randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups. One group will take a pirfenidone capsule and the other will take a placebo (a look-alike pill with no active ingredient) twice a day with meals for 6 months. For the pirfenidone group, the dose of drug will be increased gradually from 400 to 800 milligrams. At the end of 6 months, all patients will repeat the physical examination and heart tests that were done before starting medication. These include:

  • Electrocardiogram (ECG) - electrodes are attached to the heart to record the heart's electrical activity, providing information on the heartbeat.
  • Echocardiogram - a probe held against the chest wall uses sound waves to produce images of the heart, providing information on the function of the heart chambers.
  • 24-hour Holter monitor - a 24-hour recording of the electrical activity of the heart monitors for abnormal heartbeats or conduction abnormalities.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) - Radiowaves and a strong magnetic field are used to produce images of the heart, providing information on the thickness and movement of the heart muscle.
  • Radionuclide angiogram - a radioactive tracer is injected into a vein and a special camera is used to scan the heart, providing information on the beating motion of the heart. Scans are obtained at rest and after exercise.
  • Cardiac (heart) catheterization - a catheter (thin plastic tube) is inserted into a blood vessel in the groin and advanced to the heart to record pressures and take pictures inside the heart.
  • Electrophysiology study - a catheter is inserted into a blood vessel in the groin and advanced to the heart to record electrical activity, providing information on abnormal heart rhythms. This procedure is done at the time of the heart catheterization.
  • Cardiac biopsy - a catheter is inserted into a blood vessel in the groin and advanced to the heart to remove a small sample of heart muscle for microscopic examination. This procedure is done at the end of the heart catheterization.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Drug: Pirfenidone Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction and arrhythmias are important causes of morbidity and mortality in HCM. These abnormalities are believed to be in part due to myocardial fibrosis which frequently complicates HCM. Several studies indicate that pirfenidine can safely inhibit progression or cause regression of fibrotic lesions. We therefore propose to perform a six-month study that examines the ability of pirfenidone to improve LV diastolic dysfunction, exercise performance, and electrophysiologic abnormalities in symptomatic patients with severe HCM.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 50 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Study of Pirfenidone, A Novel Anti-Fibrotic Drug in Symptomatic Patients With Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) Associated With Left Ventricular Diastolic Function
Study Start Date : February 2001
Study Completion Date : April 2003

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


Male or female patient aged 20 to 75 years.

Cardiac symptoms: New York Heart Association Functional Class II-IV despite medical therapy.

Maximum LV wall thickness greater than 15 mm assessed by echo or MRI.

Mean pulmonary capillary wedge pressure of greater than or equal to 18 mm Hg and/or LV end-diastolic pressure of greater than or equal to 18 mm Hg.


LV outflow tract gradient greater than 40 mm Hg by cardiac catheterization.

Coronary artery disease (greater than 50% arterial luminal narrowing of a major epicardial vessel).

Chronic atrial flutter/fibrillation

Pregnancy and breast-feeding.

Treatment with immunosuppressant medication in last 90 days.

Active neoplastic disease.

Significant renal (serum creatinine greater than 1.5 x upper reference limit) or hepatic (transaminases greater than 2 x upper reference limit) dysfunction.

Use of over-the-counter medications, or herbal therapies that may be cardioactive.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00011076

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United States, Maryland
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00011076    
Other Study ID Numbers: 010066
First Posted: February 12, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
Last Verified: April 2003
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction
Myocardial Fibrosis
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Aortic Stenosis, Subvalvular
Aortic Valve Stenosis
Aortic Valve Disease
Heart Valve Diseases
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents