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Phase II Study of High-Dose Cyclophosphamide in Patients With Refractory Pemphigus

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00010413
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 2, 2001
Last Update Posted : October 2, 2008
Information provided by:
Office of Rare Diseases (ORD)

Brief Summary:


I. Determine the response rate and 1-year event-free survival of patients with refractory pemphigus treated with high-dose cyclophosphamide.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pemphigus Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: filgrastim Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PROTOCOL OUTLINE: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV on days 1-4 and filgrastim (G-CSF) beginning on day 10 and continuing until blood counts recover.

Patients are followed monthly for 6 months, every 2 months for 6 months, every 4 months for a year, and then annually thereafter.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 35 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : April 1999
Primary Completion Date : August 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Pemphigus
U.S. FDA Resources

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


--Disease Characteristics--

Definitive diagnosis of pemphigus, including all of the following: Typical clinical lesions Histologically proven by skin or mucous membrane biopsy Pemphigus IgG autoantibodies in skin or mucous membrane by direct immunofluorescence (IF) Circulating pemphigus IgG autoantibodies in serum by indirect IF

Dependence on high-dose corticosteroids

Persistent disease activity despite treatment with mycophenolate mofetil or azathioprine, or inability to tolerate these drugs (for paraneoplastic pemphigus, persistent disease activity despite treatment with cyclosporine)

--Prior/Concurrent Therapy--

No concurrent cytotoxic therapy

--Patient Characteristics--

Performance status: Karnofsky 20-100%

Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.5 mg/dL

Cardiovascular: LVEF at least 40%

Pulmonary: FVC, FEV1, or DLCO at least 50% predicted

Other: Not pregnant Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 9 months after study Not preterminal or moribund

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00010413

United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21205
Sponsors and Collaborators
Johns Hopkins University
Study Chair: Grant J. Anhalt Johns Hopkins University

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00010413     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 199/15674
First Posted: February 2, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 2, 2008
Last Verified: October 2008

Keywords provided by Office of Rare Diseases (ORD):
immunologic disorders and infectious disorders
rare disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Skin Diseases, Vesiculobullous
Skin Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists