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Phase II Study of High-Dose Cyclophosphamide in Patients With Refractory Pemphigus

This study has been completed.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: February 2, 2001
Last Update Posted: October 2, 2008
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
Office of Rare Diseases (ORD)


I. Determine the response rate and 1-year event-free survival of patients with refractory pemphigus treated with high-dose cyclophosphamide.

Condition Intervention Phase
Pemphigus Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: filgrastim Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Office of Rare Diseases (ORD):

Estimated Enrollment: 35
Study Start Date: April 1999
Primary Completion Date: August 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

PROTOCOL OUTLINE: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV on days 1-4 and filgrastim (G-CSF) beginning on day 10 and continuing until blood counts recover.

Patients are followed monthly for 6 months, every 2 months for 6 months, every 4 months for a year, and then annually thereafter.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


--Disease Characteristics--

Definitive diagnosis of pemphigus, including all of the following: Typical clinical lesions Histologically proven by skin or mucous membrane biopsy Pemphigus IgG autoantibodies in skin or mucous membrane by direct immunofluorescence (IF) Circulating pemphigus IgG autoantibodies in serum by indirect IF

Dependence on high-dose corticosteroids

Persistent disease activity despite treatment with mycophenolate mofetil or azathioprine, or inability to tolerate these drugs (for paraneoplastic pemphigus, persistent disease activity despite treatment with cyclosporine)

--Prior/Concurrent Therapy--

No concurrent cytotoxic therapy

--Patient Characteristics--

Performance status: Karnofsky 20-100%

Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.5 mg/dL

Cardiovascular: LVEF at least 40%

Pulmonary: FVC, FEV1, or DLCO at least 50% predicted

Other: Not pregnant Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 9 months after study Not preterminal or moribund

  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00010413

United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21205
Sponsors and Collaborators
Johns Hopkins University
Study Chair: Grant J. Anhalt Johns Hopkins University
  More Information

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00010413     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 199/15674
First Submitted: February 2, 2001
First Posted: February 2, 2001
Last Update Posted: October 2, 2008
Last Verified: October 2008

Keywords provided by Office of Rare Diseases (ORD):
immunologic disorders and infectious disorders
rare disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Skin Diseases, Vesiculobullous
Skin Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists