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Platelet Function in Patients Treated With SSRI and Non-SSRI Antidepressants

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) Identifier:
First received: February 1, 2001
Last updated: March 3, 2008
Last verified: January 2005

This study will examine the effect of a class of antidepressant medications called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) on platelet function. Platelets are small blood cells that help stop bleeding after injury to a blood vessel by forming a clot, or plug, in the vessel. Some medications impair platelet function, leading to increased bruising and bleeding. SSRIs decrease an important platelet component called serotonin, which may cause bleeding in some patients. SSRIs include fluoxetine (Prozac), sertraline (Zoloft), paroxetine (Paxil), fluvoxamine (Luvox) and citalopram (Celexa).

Patients 18 years of age and older being treated for depression with a SSRI or the non-SSRI bupropion (Wellbutrin) may be eligible for this study. Subjects will be recruited from a private clinic in Washington, D.C.

Participants will provide a history of their current medications and past history of bleeding. They will have about 4 tablespoons of blood drawn for tests to measure blood cell counts and platelet function. The study takes about 1 hour. The results of the SSRI-treated group and the bupropion-treated group will be analyzed and compared.

This study may provide information that will help health care providers make treatment decisions to minimize possible adverse effects of medications in patients with depression.


Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Platelet Dysfunction in Patients Treated With SSRI Versus Non-SSRI Antidepressants

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 70
Study Start Date: January 2001
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2005
Detailed Description:
This study will evaluate platelet function in patients during treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) which are widely used antidepressant agents. SSRIs, which are known to decrease platelet serotonin content, have been reported to be associated with bleeding in a minority of patients and recently have been associated with an increase in gastrointestinal bleeding. The purpose of this study is to better understand the potential risks of bleeding associated with mild platelet dysfunction in patients using SSRIs and to determine whether a global test of platelet function, as performed on the platelet function analyzer-100, is able to identify the changes in platelet function associated with SSRI use. Until recently, platelet function testing has utilized platelet aggregation studies which are very labor-intensive and require highly skilled technicians; a newer instrument, the Platelet Function Analyzer-100 (PFA-100, Dade Behring, Deerfield, IL) requires much less technical input to evaluate platelet function. The patients will be selected from a private clinic in the Washington, DC, area and will undergo a baseline assessment (history of bleeding and/or thrombosis), blood tests for routine blood counts, chemistries, and platelet function using the PFA-100. The analysis will include a statistical comparison of the platelet function in patients on SSRIs with those on a non-SSRI antidepressant medication (bupropion). It will also include an analysis of the results of the PFA-100 compared to the results of platelet aggregation. The results of the study may provide a better understanding of platelet function and screening for platelet function defects in patients using SSRIs.

Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


Male or female subjects with a diagnosis of depression over the age of 18 years,

Subjects currently prescribed and taking a stable dose of SSRI for at least 6 weeks, or

Subjects currently prescribed and taking a stable dose of bupropion for at least 6 weeks.


Inherited or acquired coagulopathies or platelet disorders

Abnormal thyroid function (TSH less than 0.42 or greater than 4.4 micro IU/ml and free T4 less than 1.0 or greater than 1.9 ng/dL).

Severe depression as indicated by the following: Major depressive disorder single episode, severe without psychotic features DSM-IV 296.23; Major depressive disorder single episode, severe with psychotic features DSM-IV 296.24; Major depressive disorder recurrent, severe without psychotic features DSM-IV 296.33; Major depressive disorder recurrent, severe with psychotic features DSM-IV 296.34.

Patients who are currently receiving coumadin or heparin, non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin), corticosteroids, chemotherapy, or other medications known to interfere with platelet function studies will not be eligible.

Patients taking NSAIDS and aspirin or other medications known to interfere with platelet function studies will be eligible if they discontinue these medications for more than 10 days prior to testing.

Patients who are taking the following psychotropic medications: valproic acid, carbamazepine, buspiron, atypical antipsychotics, or any other psychotropic medications will not be eligible.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00009568

United States, Maryland
Warren G. Magnuson Clinical Center (CC)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
  More Information

Publications: Identifier: NCT00009568     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 010077
Study First Received: February 1, 2001
Last Updated: March 3, 2008

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Platelet Function
Bleeding Time

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Behavioral Symptoms
Antidepressive Agents
Psychotropic Drugs processed this record on April 28, 2017