Caspofungin Acetate Compared With Amphotericin B Liposomal in Treating Patients With Persistent Fever and Neutropenia Following Cancer Treatment

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier:
First received: January 6, 2001
Last updated: January 17, 2013
Last verified: January 2013

RATIONALE: Caspofungin acetate or amphotericin B liposomal may be effective in preventing or controlling fever and neutropenia caused by chemotherapy, bone marrow transplantation, or peripheral stem cell transplantation. It is not yet known whether caspofungin acetate or amphotericin B liposomal is more effective for treating these side effects.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of caspofungin acetate with that of amphotericin B liposomal in treating patients who have persistent fever and neutropenia after receiving anticancer therapy.

Condition Intervention Phase
Drug: caspofungin acetate
Drug: liposomal amphotericin B
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: A Multicenter, Double-Blind, Randomized, Comparative Study To Evaluate The Safety, Tolerability, And Efficacy Of MK-0991 Versus (Amphotericin B) Liposome For Injection As Empirical Therapy In Patients With Persistent Fever And Neutropenia

Resource links provided by NLM:

MedlinePlus related topics: Cancer Fever
Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center resources: AL Amyloidosis Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Acute Myeloid Leukemia Acute Non Lymphoblastic Leukemia Aggressive NK Cell Leukemia Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Anaplastic Plasmacytoma Angioimmunoblastic Lymphadenopathy With Dysproteinemia Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma B-cell Lymphoma Burkitt Lymphoma Choriocarcinoma Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma Embryonal Carcinoma Essential Thrombocythemia Follicular Lymphoma Gestational Trophoblastic Tumor Granulocytopenia Hairy Cell Leukemia Hodgkin Lymphoma Kidney Cancer Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia Leukemia, B-cell, Chronic Leukemia, T-cell, Chronic Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Lymphoma, Large-cell Lymphoma, Large-cell, Immunoblastic Lymphoma, Small Cleaved-cell, Diffuse Lymphosarcoma Mantle Cell Lymphoma Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance Multiple Myeloma Mycosis Fungoides Myelodysplastic Syndromes Myelofibrosis Myeloid Leukemia Neuroblastoma Ovarian Epithelial Cancer Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor Plasmablastic Lymphoma Polycythemia Vera Polyembryoma Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma Renal Cancer Seminoma Sezary Syndrome Testicular Cancer Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia Wilms' Tumor Yolk Sac Tumor
U.S. FDA Resources

Further study details as provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:

Study Start Date: August 2000
Primary Completion Date: March 2003 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:


  • Compare the number of successful treatment outcomes among patients treated with caspofungin acetate vs amphotericin B liposomal for persistent fever and neutropenia following cancer therapy, in terms of survival for 7 days after study drug, resolution of fever, treatment of any baseline fungal infection, absence of breakthrough fungal infection during and for 7 days after study drug, and absence of study drug discontinuation due to toxicity or lack of efficacy.
  • Compare the incidence of nephrotoxicity in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the incidence of infusion-related adverse events within 1 hour of the infusion in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the incidence of treatment discontinuation due to drug-related adverse events, frequency of drug-related events, number of breakthrough fungal infections, and number of successfully treated baseline fungal infections in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare incidence of required dose increase due to inadequate clinical response in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the time to resolution of fever in patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to high-risk (prior allogeneic bone marrow transplantation or prior chemotherapy for relapse of acute leukemia) vs low-risk and prior prophylactic antifungal therapy during chemotherapy (yes vs no). Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive caspofungin acetate IV over 1 hour followed by placebo IV over 2 hours.
  • Arm II: Patients receive placebo IV over 1 hour followed by amphotericin B liposomal IV over 2 hours.

Treatment repeats daily for up to 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed at 7 and 14 days after study drug discontinuation.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 1060 patients (530 per arm) will be accrued for this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Leukemia, lymphoma, or other cancer that has been previously treated with chemotherapy or bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
  • Absolute neutrophil count less than 500/mm^3 for past 96 hours and not expected to recover in next 48 hours
  • Received at least 96 hours of parenteral systemic antibacterial therapy
  • Fever greater than 38.0 degrees Celsius
  • Adequately managed bacterial infection allowed if all of the following are true:

    • Negative blood cultures
    • Received at least 5 days of antibiotics to which any bacterial isolates are sensitive
    • Surgical drainage of any abscess fluid or surgical debridement of infected tissues
    • Removal of infected catheters
  • No invasive fungal infection
  • Not previously enrolled on this study



  • 16 and over

Performance status:

  • Karnofsky 30-100%

Life expectancy:

  • At least 5 days


  • Platelet count at least 5,000/mm^3
  • INR no greater than 1.6 (no greater than 4.0 if receiving anticoagulants)


  • Bilirubin no greater than 3 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • AST or ALT no greater than 5 times ULN
  • Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 3 times ULN
  • No acute hepatitis or cirrhosis


  • Not specified


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective barrier contraception
  • No allergy, hypersensitivity, or prior serious reaction to any echinocandin antifungal or amphotericin B formulation
  • No other condition or illness that would preclude study participation


Biologic therapy:

  • See Disease Characteristics


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No concurrent investigational antineoplastic therapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • At least 10 days since prior parenteral amphotericin B
  • At least 14 days since prior investigational antibiotic, antifungal, or immunosuppressive drug
  • No concurrent rifampin or cyclosporine
  • No other concurrent investigational antibiotic, antifungal, or immunosuppressive drug
  • No concurrent alcohol
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00008359

United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Kent Sepkowitz, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
  More Information

Publications: Identifier: NCT00008359     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 00-085  MSKCC-00085  MERCK-026-01  NCI-G00-1898 
Study First Received: January 6, 2001
Last Updated: January 17, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
stage I adult Hodgkin lymphoma
stage II adult Hodgkin lymphoma
stage III adult Hodgkin lymphoma
stage IV adult Hodgkin lymphoma
stage IV breast cancer
stage IIIA breast cancer
monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance
stage IIIB breast cancer
recurrent adult Hodgkin lymphoma
stage I cutaneous T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma
stage II cutaneous T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma
stage III cutaneous T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma
stage IV cutaneous T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma
recurrent cutaneous T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma
isolated plasmacytoma of bone
extramedullary plasmacytoma
refractory multiple myeloma
stage II ovarian epithelial cancer
stage III ovarian epithelial cancer
stage IV ovarian epithelial cancer
recurrent ovarian epithelial cancer
disseminated neuroblastoma
recurrent neuroblastoma
recurrent Wilms tumor and other childhood kidney tumors
stage 0 chronic lymphocytic leukemia
Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia
stage I multiple myeloma
stage II multiple myeloma
stage III multiple myeloma
stage I chronic lymphocytic leukemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hematologic Diseases
Leukocyte Disorders
Amphotericin B
Liposomal amphotericin B
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antifungal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Antiprotozoal Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses processed this record on April 27, 2016