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Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin, Fludarabine, and Total-body Irradiation Followed by Peripheral Stem Cell or Bone Marrow Transplantation in Treating Patients With Advanced Acute Myeloid Leukemia or Myelodysplastic Syndrome

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00008151
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 25, 2004
Last Update Posted : April 2, 2010
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies such as gemtuzumab ozogamicin can locate cancer cells and either kill them or deliver cancer-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Peripheral stem cell or bone marrow transplantation may be able to replace immune cells that were destroyed by chemotherapy and radiation therapy used to kill cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of gemtuzumab ozogamicin combined with fludarabine and total-body irradiation followed by donor peripheral stem cell or bone marrow transplantation in treating patients who have advanced acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Myelodysplastic Syndromes Drug: cyclosporine Drug: fludarabine phosphate Drug: gemtuzumab ozogamicin Drug: methotrexate Drug: mycophenolate mofetil Procedure: allogeneic bone marrow transplantation Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the response and disease-free survival at 1 year of patients with advanced acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome treated with gemtuzumab ozogamicin, fludarabine, and total body irradiation followed by allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell or bone marrow transplantation with cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil. II. Determine the leukemic blast clearance from the blood and marrow in these patients treated with this regimen. III. Determine the safety and pharmacokinetics of gemtuzumab ozogamicin as part of this regimen in these patients. IV. Determine the incidence of donor stem cell engraftment in these patients. V. Determine the incidence and severity of graft-versus-host disease in these patients treated with this regimen. VI. Determine whether donor lymphocyte infusion can be safely used in the patients with mixed or full donor chimerism to eliminate persistent or progressive disease.

OUTLINE: Patients receive gemtuzumab ozogamicin IV over 2 hours on days -21 (first 5 patients) or -14 (subsequent patients) and -7, and fludarabine IV over 2 hours on days -4 to -2. Patients undergo total body irradiation followed by infusion of allogeneic peripheral blood stem cells or bone marrow on day 0. Patients receive oral or IV cyclosporine 2-3 times daily on days -3 to 56 (if related donor) or 100 (if unrelated donor) and oral or IV mycophenolate mofetil twice daily on days 0 to 27 (if related donor) or 40 (if unrelated donor). Patients receive 2 doses of intrathecal methotrexate prior to transplant and an additional 4 doses after transplant. Patients with cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) positive for malignant cells instead receive intrathecal cytarabine, methotrexate and hydrocortisone prior to transplant twice weekly until CSF blasts clear. Patients with persistent or recurrent disease after transplant may receive up to 3 donor lymphocyte infusions if graft-versus-host disease is less than grade II and they have greater than 5% donor CD3 cells. Patients are followed at 6 months and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 20-40 patients will be accrued for this study within 1-2 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin (GO), Fludarabine, And Low-Dose TBI Followed By Donor Stem Cell Transplantation For Patients With Advanced Acute Myeloid Leukemia Or Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Study Start Date : October 2000
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2002
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2002

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Diagnosis of recurrent or refractory acute myeloid leukemia CD33 positive Greater than 5% morphologically identified blasts in the marrow OR Diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome CD33 positive Greater than 5% morphologically identified blasts in the marrow (refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB) and RAEB in transformation) Must have donor who meets the following criteria: HLA-A, B, C, DRB1 and DQB1 identical or mismatched for no more than 1 allelic or cross-reactive antigen Under 75 years of age

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Any age Performance status: Not specified Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: WBC no greater than 30,000/mm3 (leukophereses or hydroxyurea allowed) Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal No synthetic dysfunction No severe cirrhosis Renal: Not specified Cardiovascular: No symptomatic coronary artery disease No cardiac failure requiring therapy Pulmonary: DLCO at least 35% OR Receiving supplementary continuous oxygen Other: No uncontrolled infection No other diseases that would severely limit life expectancy Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 1 year after study

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: No post-transplant growth factors during and for 1 month after mycophenolate mofetil administration

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00008151

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United States, Washington
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109-1024
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Eric Sievers, MD Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00008151     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1555.00
CDR0000068383+ ( Registry Identifier: PDQ )
First Posted: March 25, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 2, 2010
Last Verified: March 2010
Keywords provided by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center:
recurrent childhood acute myeloid leukemia
recurrent adult acute myeloid leukemia
refractory anemia with excess blasts
refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation
de novo myelodysplastic syndromes
previously treated myelodysplastic syndromes
secondary myelodysplastic syndromes
childhood myelodysplastic syndromes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Pathologic Processes
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Mycophenolic Acid
Fludarabine phosphate
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Dermatologic Agents