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Children's Activity and Nutrition III

This study has been completed.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: December 8, 2000
Last Update Posted: December 23, 2015
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Information provided by:
Augusta University
To track blood pressure from childhood through adolescence.

Cardiovascular Diseases Hypertension Coronary Disease

Study Type: Observational

Further study details as provided by Augusta University:

Study Start Date: April 1992
Estimated Study Completion Date: April 2002
Detailed Description:


Children's Activity and Nutrition III was originally part of the Institute-initiated Studies of Children's Activity and Nutrition (SCAN), first funded in 1985. Children's Activity and Nutrition III was renewed in 1992 as a stand-alone project with a focus on assessment of the development of hemodynamic mechanisms responsible for blood pressure (BP) control within the context of ethnicity and family history of early myocardial infarction (MI), defined as having a parent or grandparent with an MI at less than 55 years of age and a family history.

Blacks have a higher mortality rate through middle adulthood than whites from coronary heart disease (CHD), the leading causes of death in the United States. Blacks have been found to exhibit greater cardiovascular (CV) response to stress (i.e., reactivity), a potential risk factor for CHD, as have individuals with a family history. . Although CHD has its pathobiologic origins in childhood, little longitudinal reactivity research has been conducted in youth, especially from childhood through late adolescence.


The study followed a multiethnic sample of 250 13 to 14 year olds for an additional 5 years to determine: 1) whether blood pressure (BP) reactivity during childhood predicted changes in resting BP, left ventricular mass and concentric remodeling, carotid artery wall elasticity and endothelial dependent arterial dilation up to 11 years later after controlling for other expected predictors (i.e., age, gender, ethnicity, resting BP, adiposity, ambulatory BP); 2) the influence of ethnicity, family history and a select group of moderator variables (i.e., environmental stress, anger and John Henryism coping styles, aerobic fitness on youth's cardiovascular (CV) reactivity; and 3) the stability of CV reactivity and a 24- hour ambulatory BP from childhood through late adolescence. The long- term objectives were to provide a better understanding of the development of CV reactivity in youth and its influence upon early pathobiologic markers of coronary heart disease prior to overt manifestation of disease.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
No eligibility criteria
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00007111

Sponsors and Collaborators
Augusta University
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
OverallOfficial: Frank Treiber Augusta University
  More Information

Treiber FA, Jackson RW, Davis H, Pollock JS, Kapuku G, Mensah GA, Pollock DM. Racial differences in endothelin-1 at rest and in response to acute stress in adolescent males. Hypertension. 2000 Mar;35(3):722-5.
Treiber F, Harshfield G, Davis H, Kapuku G, Moore D. Stress responsivity and body fatness: links between socioeconomic status and cardiovascular risk factors in youth. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1999;896:435-8.
Kapuku GK, Treiber FA, Davis HC, Harshfield GA, Cook BB, Mensah GA. Hemodynamic function at rest, during acute stress, and in the field: predictors of cardiac structure and function 2 years later in youth. Hypertension. 1999 Nov;34(5):1026-31.
Harshfield GA, Treiber FA, Davis H, Johnson M, Slavens GA, Thompson W. Temporal stability of ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate in youths. Blood Press Monit. 1999 Apr;4(2):87-90.
Gutin B, Treiber F, Owens S, Mensah GA. Relations of body composition to left ventricular geometry and function in children. J Pediatr. 1998 Jun;132(6):1023-7.
Treiber F, Papavassiliou D, Gutin B, Malpass D, Yi W, Islam S, Davis H, Strong W. Determinants of endothelium-dependent femoral artery vasodilation in youth. Psychosom Med. 1997 Jul-Aug;59(4):376-81.
Gutin B, Owens S, Treiber F, Islam S, Karp W, Slavens G. Weight-independent cardiovascular fitness and coronary risk factors. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1997 May;151(5):462-5.
Gutin B, Litaker M, Islam S, Manos T, Smith C, Treiber F. Body-composition measurement in 9-11-y-old children by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, skinfold-thickness measurements, and bioimpedance analysis. Am J Clin Nutr. 1996 Mar;63(3):287-92.
Gutin B, Islam S, Treiber F, Smith C, Manos T. Fasting insulin concentration is related to cardiovascular reactivity to exercise in children. Pediatrics. 1995 Dec;96(6):1123-5.
Musante L, Treiber FA, Davis H, Levy M, Strong WB. Temporal stability of children's cardiovascular (CV) reactivity: role of ethnicity, gender and family history of myocardial infarction. Int J Psychophysiol. 1995 Apr;19(3):281-6.
Musante L, Raunikar RA, Treiber F, Davis H, Dysart J, Levy M, Strong WB. Consistency of children's hemodynamic responses to laboratory stressors. Int J Psychophysiol. 1994 Jun;17(1):65-71.
Treiber FA, Davis H, Musante L, Raunikar RA, Strong WB, McCaffrey F, Meeks MC, Vandernoord R. Ethnicity, gender, family history of myocardial infarction, and hemodynamic responses to laboratory stressors in children. Health Psychol. 1993 Jan;12(1):6-15.
Treiber FA, McCaffrey F, Musante L, Rhodes T, Davis H, Strong WB, Levy M. Ethnicity, family history of hypertension and patterns of hemodynamic reactivity in boys. Psychosom Med. 1993 Jan-Feb;55(1):70-7.
Musante L, Treiber FA, Kapuku G, Moore D, Davis H, Strong WB. The effects of life events on cardiovascular reactivity to behavioral stressors as a function of socioeconomic status, ethnicity, and sex. Psychosom Med. 2000 Nov-Dec;62(6):760-7.
Musante L, Treiber FA. The relationship between anger-coping styles and lifestyle behaviors in teenagers. J Adolesc Health. 2000 Jul;27(1):63-8.
Barnes VA, Treiber FA, Musante L, Turner JR, Davis H, Strong WB. Ethnicity and socioeconomic status: impact on cardiovascular activity at rest and during stress in youth with a family history of hypertension. Ethn Dis. 2000 Winter;10(1):4-16.
Barbeau P, Kulharya A, Harshfield G, Snieder H, Davis H, Treiber F. Association between angiotensin II type I receptor polymorphism and resting hemodynamics in black and white youth. Ethn Dis. 2002 Winter;12(1):S1-68-71.
Cook BB, Treiber FA, Mensah G, Jindal M, Davis HC, Kapuku GK. Family history of hypertension and left ventricular mass in youth: possible mediating parameters. Am J Hypertens. 2001 Apr;14(4 Pt 1):351-6.
Treiber FA, Musante L, Kapuku G, Davis C, Litaker M, Davis H. Cardiovascular (CV) responsivity and recovery to acute stress and future CV functioning in youth with family histories of CV disease: a 4-year longitudinal study. Int J Psychophysiol. 2001 May;41(1):65-74.
Davis CL, Kapuku G, Snieder H, Kumar M, Treiber FA. Insulin resistance syndrome and left ventricular mass in healthy young people. Am J Med Sci. 2002 Aug;324(2):72-5.
Dekkers JC, Podolsky RH, Treiber FA, Barbeau P, Gutin B, Snieder H. Development of general and central obesity from childhood into early adulthood in African American and European American males and females with a family history of cardiovascular disease. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004 Apr;79(4):661-8.
Dekkers JC, Treiber FA, Kapuku G, Snieder H. Differential influence of family history of hypertension and premature myocardial infarction on systolic blood pressure and left ventricular mass trajectories in youth. Pediatrics. 2003 Jun;111(6 Pt 1):1387-93.
Dekkers JC, Snieder H, Van Den Oord EJ, Treiber FA. Moderators of blood pressure development from childhood to adulthood: a 10-year longitudinal study. J Pediatr. 2002 Dec;141(6):770-9.
Moore DB, Howell PB, Treiber FA. Adiposity changes in youth with a family history of cardiovascular disease: impact of ethnicity, gender and socioeconomic status. J Assoc Acad Minor Phys. 2002 Jul;13(3):76-83.

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00007111     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 956
R01HL035073 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: December 7, 2000
First Posted: December 8, 2000
Last Update Posted: December 23, 2015
Last Verified: January 2005

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Coronary Disease
Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Heart Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Arterial Occlusive Diseases

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