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Adherence to Antihypertensive Therapy--Data Analyses

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Identifier:
First received: November 28, 2000
Last updated: March 15, 2016
Last verified: May 2005
To assess factors that may influence adherence to antihypertensive drug therapy.

Cardiovascular Diseases Hypertension

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Retrospective

Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: September 1999
Study Completion Date: August 2002
Detailed Description:


High blood pressure continues to be a highly prevalent condition affecting about 20 percent of the U.S. population. Untreated, it may lead to coronary heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, and other complications. Medication is a major means of controlling hypertension and averting these debilitating consequences. Treatment with drugs, however, is undermined by suboptimal adherence to therapy. Forgetting to take medications is the most commonly elicited reason for lapses in medication use; but side effects, health beliefs, lack of knowledge of disease and treatment instructions, and financial barriers may also interfere. Determining those factors that (1) are predictably associated with fluctuations in adherence (such as day of the week, holidays, medication appointments); (2) ameliorate the impact of nonadherence, such as pharmacologic properties of drugs that protect patients during adherence lapses; and (3) correlate with the accuracy of adherence reporting by patients will assist in anticipating and addressing adherence obstacles and serve as the objectives of the study.


The study used data collected from electronic adherence monitors, questionnaires, and computerized medical records that contained blood pressure readings during a prior investigation of antihypertensive adherence. This earlier investigation, conducted from 1994 to 1997, involved 286 members of Harvard Pilgrim Health Care who were on single drug therapy for mild to moderate hypertension. Objective 1 evaluated the impact of temporal factors such as weekend versus weekday, holidays, seasons, and impending medical appointments on adherence by analyzing their effects on the daily rate of dosing recorded by electronic medication monitors. Time trend models were used for this purpose. Objective 2 assessed the impact of pharmacologic duration of action on the level of antihypertensive adherence required to maintain a goal blood pressure of <140/90 mmHg. This involved determining if the relationship between adherence and blood pressure was modified by the duration of drug effect. Objective 3 concerning correlates of accuracy of reported adherence was approached by verifying reported adherence against electronically measured adherence. Predictors and correlates of accurately reported adherence such as patient age, gender, race/ethnicity, education, socioeconomic status, health beliefs, and measures of health status were then identified by cross tabulating and statistical modeling accurate reporting against these factors.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
No eligibility criteria
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00006552

Sponsors and Collaborators
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
OverallOfficial: Peter Choo Brigham and Women's Hospital