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Combination Chemotherapy With or Without Tirapazamine in Treating Patients With Stage IIIB or Stage IV Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: November 6, 2000
Last updated: June 20, 2013
Last verified: January 2002

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known which combination chemotherapy regimen is more effective for non-small cell lung cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of carboplatin plus paclitaxel with or without tirapazamine in treating patients who have stage IIIB or stage IV non-small cell lung cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Lung Cancer
Drug: carboplatin
Drug: paclitaxel
Drug: tirapazamine
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Phase III Trial Of Carboplatin And Paclitaxel Plus Tirapazamine Versus Carboplatin And Paclitaxel In Patients With Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: November 2000
Study Completion Date: April 2006
Detailed Description:


  • Compare the effects of paclitaxel and carboplatin with or without tirapazamine on progression-free survival and overall survival in patients with stage IV and selected stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer.
  • Compare response rates in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the toxic effects of these regimens in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified according to weight loss (less than 5% vs 5% or more), stage of disease (IIIB vs IV), and lactate dehydrogenase level (normal vs abnormal). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive tirapazamine IV over 2 hours followed by paclitaxel IV over 3 hours and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1.
  • Arm II: Patients receive paclitaxel and carboplatin as in arm I. Treatment continues every 21 days for a total of 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed every 3 months for one year, and then every 6 months for 2 years, or until death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 500 patients (250 per arm) will be accrued for this study within 20 months.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically or cytologically proven newly diagnosed advanced primary non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), including the following cellular types:

    • Adenocarcinoma
    • Large cell carcinoma
    • Squamous cell carcinoma
    • Unspecified carcinoma OR
  • Recurrent disease after prior surgery and/or radiotherapy
  • Stage IIIB disease

    • T4 lesion due to malignant pleural effusion OR
  • Stage IV disease

    • Any T, any N, M1 (distant metastasis, including lesions in multiple lobes of the ipsilateral lung)
  • Measurable or evaluable disease

    • Pleural effusions, ascites, and laboratory parameters not considered as only evidence of disease
    • Must be outside prior radiated field or area of prior surgical resection or new lesion must be present
  • No known brain metastases



  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • Zubrod 0-1

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • Absolute granulocyte count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin at least 9 g/dL


  • Bilirubin no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • SGOT or SGPT no greater than 2 times ULN
  • Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 2 times ULN


  • Creatinine no greater than ULN
  • Creatinine clearance at least 50 mL/min


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No peripheral neuropathy (motor or sensory) of grade 2 or greater
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or stage I/II cancer in complete remission


Biologic therapy:

  • No prior biologic therapy for NSCLC


  • No prior systemic chemotherapy for NSCLC

Endocrine therapy:

  • Not specified


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 3 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered
  • No concurrent radiotherapy


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 2 weeks since prior thoracic or other major surgery and recovered
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00006484

  Show 93 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Southwest Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Stephen K. Williamson, MD University of Kansas
  More Information

Mack PC, Redman MW, Chansky K, et al.: Elevated osteopontin (OPN) plasma levels are highly prognostic in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): analysis of SWOG S0003. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 24 (Suppl 18): A-7198, 413s, 2006.
Williamson SK, Crowley JJ, Lara PN, et al.: S0003: paclitaxel/carboplatin (PC) versus PC + tirapazamine (PCT) in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A phase III Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) trial. [Abstract] Lung Cancer 41 (Suppl 2): A-O-89, S29, 2003.
Gandara DR, Kawaguchi T, Crowley JJ, et al.: Pharmacogenomic (PG) analysis of Japan-SWOG common arm study in advanced stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): a model for testing population-related pharmacogenomics. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 25 (Suppl 18): A-7500, 2007.
Lara PN Jr, Redman MW, Kelly K, et al.: Alternative measures predicting clinical benefit in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) from Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) randomized trials: implications for clinical trial design. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 24 (Suppl 18): A-7006, 365s, 2006. Identifier: NCT00006484     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000068315
Study First Received: November 6, 2000
Last Updated: June 20, 2013

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
recurrent non-small cell lung cancer
squamous cell lung cancer
large cell lung cancer
stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer
stage IV non-small cell lung cancer
adenocarcinoma of the lung

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action processed this record on April 24, 2017