Sargramostim in Treating Patients With Kidney Cancer That Has Spread to the Lung

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified October 2009 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: November 6, 2000
Last updated: October 14, 2009
Last verified: October 2009

RATIONALE: Colony-stimulating factors such as sargramostim may increase the number of immune cells found in bone marrow or peripheral blood and may be an effective treatment for patients with kidney cancer that has spread to the lung.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of sargramostim in treating patients who have kidney cancer that has spread to the lung.

Condition Intervention Phase
Kidney Cancer
Metastatic Cancer
Biological: sargramostim
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study Of Aerosolized GM-CSF In The Treatment Of Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma To The Lung

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: October 2000
Detailed Description:


  • Determine the 4-month progression-free survival rate and overall survival rate in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma to the lung treated with aerosolized sargramostim (GM-CSF).
  • Determine the toxicity of this regimen in these patients.
  • Determine the immunomodulatory effects of this regimen in terms of natural killer cells cytotoxicity, and T-cell, B-cell, and dendritic cell activation markers.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive aerosolized sargramostim (GM-CSF) by nebulizer over 10-15 minutes twice daily on days 1-7 and 14-21. Treatment repeats every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unaceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed for disease progression and then every 3 months thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 21-48 patients will be accrued for this study within 7-20 months.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed metastatic renal cell carcinoma for which no known standard therapy that is potentially curative or capable of extending life expectancy exists (e.g., surgery)
  • Measurable metastatic disease in the lung

    • At least one unidimensionally measurable lesion at least 20 mm by conventional techniques
  • No CNS metastases that require treatment



  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • ECOG 0-2

Life expectancy

  • At least 12 weeks


  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 75,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin greater than 8.0 g/dL


  • Bilirubin no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • AST no greater than 3 times ULN


  • Creatinine no greater than 2.5 times ULN


  • No hemoptysis of grade 3 or greater
  • No reactive airway disease on active therapy


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No uncontrolled infection
  • No other metastatic malignancy within the past 3 years except basal cell skin cancer


Biologic therapy

  • More than 2 weeks since prior immunotherapy
  • More than 2 weeks since other prior biologic therapy


  • More than 3 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for mitomycin or nitrosoureas)

Endocrine therapy

  • More than 2 weeks since prior corticosteroids
  • No concurrent systemic glucocorticoids


  • More than 2 weeks since prior radiotherapy
  • No prior radiotherapy to more than 10% of total lung volume in the radiation field


  • See Disease Characteristics


  • At least 4 weeks since prior bronchodialators
  • No concurrent immunosuppressive agents
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00006483

United States, Arizona
CCOP - Scottsdale Oncology Program
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85259-5404
United States, Illinois
CCOP - Illinois Oncology Research Association
Peoria, Illinois, United States, 61602
CCOP - Carle Cancer Center
Urbana, Illinois, United States, 61801
United States, Iowa
CCOP - Cedar Rapids Oncology Project
Cedar Rapids, Iowa, United States, 52403-1206
CCOP - Iowa Oncology Research Association
Des Moines, Iowa, United States, 50309-1016
Siouxland Hematology-Oncology
Sioux City, Iowa, United States, 51101-1733
United States, Kansas
CCOP - Wichita
Wichita, Kansas, United States, 67214-3882
United States, Louisiana
CCOP - Ochsner
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70121
United States, Michigan
CCOP - Ann Arbor Regional
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48106
United States, Minnesota
CCOP - Duluth
Duluth, Minnesota, United States, 55805
Mayo Clinic Cancer Center
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
CentraCare Clinic
Saint Cloud, Minnesota, United States, 56303
CCOP - Metro-Minnesota
Saint Louis Park, Minnesota, United States, 55416
United States, Nebraska
CCOP - Missouri Valley Cancer Consortium
Omaha, Nebraska, United States, 68131
United States, North Dakota
Quain & Ramstad Clinic, P.C.
Bismarck, North Dakota, United States, 58501
CCOP - Merit Care Hospital
Fargo, North Dakota, United States, 58122
Altru Health Systems
Grand Forks, North Dakota, United States, 58201
United States, Ohio
CCOP - Toledo Community Hospital Oncology Program
Toledo, Ohio, United States, 43623-3456
United States, Pennsylvania
CCOP - Geisinger Clinic and Medical Center
Danville, Pennsylvania, United States, 17822-2001
United States, South Dakota
Rapid City Regional Hospital
Rapid City, South Dakota, United States, 57709
Central Plains Clinic, Ltd.
Sioux Falls, South Dakota, United States, 57105
CCOP - Sioux Community Cancer Consortium
Sioux Falls, South Dakota, United States, 57105-1080
Canada, Saskatchewan
Allan Blair Cancer Centre
Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, S4T 7T1
Saskatchewan Cancer Agency
Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, S4S 6X3
Sponsors and Collaborators
North Central Cancer Treatment Group
Study Chair: Svetomir Markovic, MD, PhD Mayo Clinic
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided Identifier: NCT00006483     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000068314, NCCTG-N9953
Study First Received: November 6, 2000
Last Updated: October 14, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage IV renal cell cancer
recurrent renal cell cancer
lung metastases

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Kidney Neoplasms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Kidney Diseases
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Urogenital Neoplasms
Urologic Diseases
Urologic Neoplasms processed this record on June 30, 2015