Pyrazoloacridine Followed by Radiation Therapy in Treating Adults With Newly Diagnosed Supratentorial Glioblastoma Multiforme

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00006355
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted : May 3, 2012
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining chemotherapy and radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of pyrazoloacridine followed by radiation therapy in treating adults who have newly diagnosed supratentorial glioblastoma multiforme.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors Drug: pyrazoloacridine Procedure: adjuvant therapy Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:


  • Determine the maximum tolerated dose, toxicity, and pharmacokinetics of pyrazoloacridine in adults with newly diagnosed, supratentorial glioblastoma multiforme treated with pyrazoloacridine followed by radiotherapy.
  • Determine the response rate, duration of disease free survival, and survival of patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to type of anticonvulsant (hepatic metabolic enzyme inducers vs hepatic metabolic enzyme moderate inducers or noninducers).

Patients receive pyrazoloacridine (PZA) IV over 3 hours on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for a maximum of 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Following completion of PZA treatment, patients undergo cranial irradiation 5 days a week for 6 weeks.

Cohorts of 3 patients receive escalating doses of PZA until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. Additional patients receive PZA at the MTD.

Patients are followed monthly for survival.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A minimum of 3 patients will be accrued for phase I and a total of 18-35 patients will be accrued for phase II of this study.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Study of Pyrazoloacridine (PZA) in Adults With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma Multiforme
Study Start Date : May 2000
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2004
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2006

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U.S. FDA Resources

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically proven, newly diagnosed, supratentorial, grade IV astrocytoma (glioblastoma multiforme)

    • Incompletely resected disease
  • Must have measurable and contrast enhancing tumor on the postoperative MRI/CT scan



  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • Karnofsky 60-100%

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3


  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL
  • Transaminases no greater than 4 times upper limit of normal


  • Creatinine no greater than 1.7 mg/dL


  • No other serious concurrent infection or medical illness that would preclude study therapy
  • No other active malignancy within the past 5 years except curatively treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix or basal cell skin cancer
  • No psychosis requiring ongoing therapy with antipsychotic medication
  • Mini mental score at least 15
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception


Biologic therapy:

  • No prior immunotherapy or biologic agents (including immunotoxins, immunoconjugates, antisense compounds, peptide receptor antagonists, interferons, interleukins, tumor infiltrating lymphocytes, lymphokine activated killer cells, or gene therapy) for glioblastoma multiforme
  • No concurrent prophylactic growth factors (e.g., filgrastim [G-CSF] or sargramostim [GM-CSF])


  • No prior chemotherapy for glioblastoma multiforme

Endocrine therapy:

  • No prior hormonal therapy for glioblastoma multiforme
  • Prior glucocorticoids allowed
  • Concurrent corticosteroids allowed if on stable dose (no increase within the past 5 days)


  • No prior radiotherapy for glioblastoma multiforme


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Recovered from immediate postoperative period


  • Greater than 10 days since prior anticonvulsants that induce hepatic metabolic enzymes (e.g., phenytoin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, primidone, or felbamate)
  • No other concurrent investigational agents

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00006355

United States, Alabama
University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294-3295
United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612-9497
United States, Georgia
Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
United States, Maryland
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21231
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114-2617
United States, Michigan
Josephine Ford Cancer Center at Henry Ford Health System
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48202
United States, North Carolina
Comprehensive Cancer Center at Wake Forest University
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27157-1030
United States, Pennsylvania
Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104-4283
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Glenn J. Lesser, MD Wake Forest University Health Sciences

Publications of Results:
Lesser GJ, Carson K, Supko J, et al.: A phase I/II trial and pharmacokinetic study of pyrazoloacridine in adults with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 22: A-485, 121a, 2003.
Lesser GJ, Carson K, Priet R, et al.: A phase I/II trial of pyrazoloacridine (PZA) in adults with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 21: A-2097, 2002.

Other Publications:
Frenay M, Lebrun C, Fontaine D, et al.: First-line chemotherapy in non resectable low-grade astrocytomas in adults. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 21: A-2095, 71b, 2002.

Responsible Party: Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins Identifier: NCT00006355     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NABTT-9804 CDR0000068223
U01CA062475 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
P30CA006973 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: January 27, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 3, 2012
Last Verified: May 2012

Keywords provided by Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins:
adult glioblastoma
adult giant cell glioblastoma
adult gliosarcoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Neoplasms by Site
Nervous System Diseases
NSC 366140
Antineoplastic Agents