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Chemoprevention Therapy in Treating Patients at High Risk of Developing Multiple Myeloma

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Mayo Clinic Identifier:
First received: September 11, 2000
Last updated: August 2, 2011
Last verified: August 2011

RATIONALE: Chemoprevention therapy is the use of certain drugs to try to prevent the development or recurrence of cancer. Dehydroepiandrosterone and clarithromycin may be effective in preventing multiple myeloma.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to compare the effectiveness of dehydroepiandrosterone with that of clarithromycin in treating patients who may be at a high risk of developing multiple myeloma.

Condition Intervention Phase
Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm
Drug: clarithromycin
Drug: prasterone
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase II Clinical Trial of Dehydroepiandrosterone and Biaxin in Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined and Borderline Significance

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Mayo Clinic:

Study Start Date: August 2000
Study Completion Date: December 2006
Primary Completion Date: December 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:


  • Determine whether dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) or clarithromycin causes a significant reduction in bone marrow plasmacytosis, serum and/or urine M protein or Bence Jones protein, and surrogate endpoint biomarkers in patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined or borderline significance.
  • Determine whether differences in interleukin-1-beta (IL-1-beta) expression and IL-1-beta dependent biomarkers (adhesion molecule expression and serum interleukin-6 levels) are useful surrogate endpoint biomarkers in these patients.
  • Determine whether differences in ploidy, proliferative index, nuclear pleomorphism index, circulating monoclonal plasma cells, Th1/Th2 ratios, serum s-interleukin-6R (SIL-6R) levels, interleukin-6 and SIL-6R expression, or plasma cell apoptosis assay are useful surrogate endpoint biomarkers in these patients.
  • Determine the effects of these treatment regimens on the quality of life of these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Patients are stratified according to disease (monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance vs monoclonal gammopathy of borderline significance) and monoclonal protein abnormality (IgG vs IgA). Patients are randomized to 1 of 4 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive oral dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) once daily.
  • Arm II: Patients receive oral clarithromycin once or twice daily.
  • Arm III: Patients receive oral placebo once daily.
  • Arm IV: Patients receive oral placebo twice daily. Treatment continues for 6 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline, 6 months, 12 months, and then at disease progression.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year and then every 6 months for 1.5 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 75 patients (25 per treatment arms I and II and 25 between arms III and IV) will be accrued for this study within 2.5 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • New or prior diagnosis of 1 of the following:

    • Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance

      • Bone marrow plasma cells of less than 10%
    • Monoclonal gammopathy of borderline significance

      • Bone marrow plasma cells of 10-30%
  • Serum IgG or IgA at least 1.5 g/dL
  • Bone marrow plasmacytosis no greater than 30%
  • No multiple myeloma, amyloidosis, or B-cell neoplasm
  • No evidence of bone lesions
  • Prostate-specific antigen less than 4 ng/mL



  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • ECOG 0-1

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • See Disease Characteristics


  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (unless history of Gilbert's disease)
  • AST and ALT no greater than 1.5 times ULN (unless history of Gilbert's disease)


  • Creatinine no greater than 1.8 mg/dL


  • No New York Heart Association class III or IV heart disease
  • No prior thromboembolic event within the past 5 years


  • No prostate cancer or clinically significant benign prostatic hypertrophy
  • No prior malignancy within the past 5 years except nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No malignancy suspected on mammogram
  • No hypersensitivity to DHEA, clarithromycin, or any macrolide antibiotic (e.g., erythromycin)
  • No insulin-dependent diabetes
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective barrier method of contraception


Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified


  • Not specified

Endocrine therapy:

  • At least 30 days since prior DHEA or other steroids that may affect M protein


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • At least 30 days since prior clarithromycin
  • At least 30 days since any other prior agents that may affect M protein
  • No concurrent cisapride, terfenadine, pimozide, astemizole, or loratadine
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00006219

United States, Arizona
Mayo Clinic in Arizona
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85259
United States, Florida
Mayo Clinic in Florida
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32224
United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mayo Clinic
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: John A. Lust, MD, PhD Mayo Clinic
  More Information

Responsible Party: John A. Lust, M.D., Mayo Clinic Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00006219     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000068084
P30CA015083 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
979202 ( Other Identifier: Mayo Clinic Cancer Center )
Study First Received: September 11, 2000
Last Updated: August 2, 2011

Keywords provided by Mayo Clinic:
multiple myeloma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Protein Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors processed this record on March 29, 2017