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Randomized Study of Two Doses of Oral Valacyclovir in Immunocompromised Patients With Uncomplicated Herpes Zoster

This study has been completed.
University of Texas
Information provided by:
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR) Identifier:
First received: August 3, 2000
Last updated: May 22, 2007
Last verified: December 2003


I. Compare the efficacy and safety of two doses of oral valacyclovir in immunocompromised patients with uncomplicated herpes zoster.

II. Compare quality of life, pain, and medical resource utilization in patients treated with these 2 regimens.

Condition Intervention
Herpes Zoster
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Drug: Valacyclovir

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Center for Research Resources (NCRR):

Estimated Enrollment: 66
Study Start Date: January 1997
Detailed Description:


This is a randomized, double blind study.

Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms.

Arm I: Patients receive standard dose oral valacyclovir three times a day on Days 1-7.

Arm II: Patients receive higher dose oral valacyclovir three times a day on Days 1-7.

Both arms: Patients begin treatment within 72 hours after onset of zoster rash.

Quality of life is assessed on Days 1, 14, and 28 during study and then every 4 weeks through Week 24. Pain is assessed on Days 1-28 during study, and then weekly through Week 24. Medical resource utilization is assessed on Days 1, 8, 14, and 18 during study and then every 4 weeks through Week 24.

Patients are followed every 4 weeks through Week 24.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


--Disease Characteristics--

Patients with a clinical diagnosis of uncomplicated herpes zoster presenting within 72 hours after onset of zoster rash

No evidence of cutaneous or visceral dissemination of herpes zoster infection; cutaneous dissemination defined as at least 20 discrete lesions outside adjacent dermatomes

Must have immune dysfunction caused by any of the following: congenital immune deficiency; active malignancy of any type; collagen vascular diseases; organ or bone marrow transplantation; HIV infection; severe atopic dermatitis; received cytotoxic drugs or immunosuppressive therapy (e.g., chronic systemic corticosteroids) within past 3 months

CD4 count at least 50%

--Prior/Concurrent Therapy--

Biologic therapy: Greater than 9 months since prior bone marrow transplantation

Surgery: Greater than 9 months since prior liver or heart transplantation

Other: At least 4 weeks since prior topical or systemic anti-varicella zoster virus (anti-VZV) medications; no concurrent systemic agents with anti-VZV activity from enrollment to Day 10; no concurrent probenecid from 24 hours before the first dose of study drug until Day 10

--Patient Characteristics--

Hepatic: AST or ALT no greater than 5 times upper limit of normal

Renal: Creatinine clearance at least 30 mL/min

Other: Not pregnant or nursing; negative pregnancy test; fertile patients must use effective contraception; no history of intolerance or hypersensitivity to acyclovir, penciclovir, valacyclovir, or famciclovir

  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00006131

United States, Texas
Center for Clinical Studies
Houston, Texas, United States, 77058
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
University of Texas
Study Chair: Stephen K. Tyring University of Texas
  More Information Identifier: NCT00006131     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 199/15324
Study First Received: August 3, 2000
Last Updated: May 22, 2007

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Herpes Zoster
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Herpesviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents processed this record on May 25, 2017