Oxaliplatin to Treat Advanced Cancers With Liver Dysfunction
This is a phase I study of the experimental anticancer drug oxaliplatin. It is designed to establish the maximum dose of the drug that can be given safely to patients with cancer who have impaired liver function and to determine the drug's side effects. It will also examine how liver function affects the drug's elimination from the body. The liver plays an important role in the elimination of many anticancer drugs, and patients with impaired liver function should not take certain drugs or should take them in reduced doses.
Patients 18 years of age and older with cancer that has metastasized (spread from the original tumor site) and for whom standard treatment is not available or is no longer effective may be eligible for this study. Candidates will be screened with various tests and procedures that may include physical examination, computerized tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, chest X-rays, and blood and urine tests.
Participants will be given oxaliplatin in doses determined according to their level of liver function. Patients may have normal liver function or mildly, moderately or severely impaired liver function, or may have had a liver transplant. Oxaliplatin will be infused intravenously (through a vein) over two hours on the first day of 21-day treatment cycles-that is, once every 3 weeks. Treatment will continue as long as the cancer is under control and side effects do not require stopping the drug. Urine will be collected over 48 hours after the infusion to determine how much of the drug is eliminated in urine. Blood tests will be done to monitor safety of the treatment, and imaging studies, such as X-rays, CT and MRI scans, will be done periodically to evaluate the tumor's response to treatment.
Special blood tests will also be done to study how oxaliplatin is eliminated from the body. With the first dose of the drug, blood samples will be collected just before the infusion begins, just before it ends, 15 minutes, 30 minutes, 1, 2, 4, 6, 24, 48, and 72 hours after the infusion, and again 1 week and 3 weeks later. Additional blood samples may be collected at the third treatment cycle.
|Study Design:||Primary Purpose: Treatment|
|Official Title:||Phase I Study of Oxaliplatin in Patients With Advanced Malignancies and Varying Degrees of Liver Dysfunction|
|Study Start Date:||July 2000|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||May 2001|
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00006062
|United States, Maryland|
|National Cancer Institute (NCI)|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|