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Interleukin-2 Gene or Methotrexate in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Stage III or Stage IV Head and Neck Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00006033
First Posted: June 21, 2004
Last Update Posted: May 30, 2013
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Inserting the gene for interleukin-2 into head and neck cancer cells may make the body build an immune response to kill the tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known whether the interleukin-2 gene is more effective than methotrexate for advanced head and neck cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to compare the effectiveness of the interleukin-2 gene with that of methotrexate in treating patients who have recurrent or refractory stage III or stage IV head and neck cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Head and Neck Cancer Biological: gene therapy Biological: interleukin-2 gene Drug: methotrexate Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Protocol IL-2001: A Multi-Center, Open-Label, Randomized Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Multiple Intratumoral Injections of hIl-2 Plasmid (1.8 mg) Formulated With DOTMA/Cholesterol [Ratio 1:0.5(-/+)] Liposomes in Patients With Unresctable or Recurrent/Refractory Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: June 2000
Study Completion Date: June 2004
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the efficacy of interleukin-2 gene versus methotrexate in patients with recurrent or refractory squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. II. Determine the safety and tolerability of interleukin-2 gene in these patients. III. Compare the quality of life of these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive interleukin-2 gene intratumorally on days 1 and 4 of week 1, and then once weekly for 12 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Arm II: Patients receive methotrexate IV once weekly. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Quality of life is assessed at the beginning of the study and at weeks 5, 13, 17 and 25. Patients are followed every 2-3 weeks for up to 18 weeks.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 80 patients (40 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed recurrent or refractory stage III or IV squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck Failed first line chemotherapy for advanced or recurrent disease Measurable disease accessible to direct injection Tumor must not be involving major blood vessels or obstructing the airway

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Karnofsky 70-100% Life expectancy: At least 3 months Hematopoietic: Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: No active liver disease Transaminases no greater than 3 times upper limit of normal (ULN) Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times ULN OR Creatinine clearance greater than 60 mL/min Cardiovascular: No New York Heart Association class III or IV heart disease Pulmonary: No respiratory disease sufficient enough to influence oxygenation of arterial blood Other: Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception At least 2 weeks since prior infection No concurrent infection No active or clinically relevant viral illness No clinical condition (e.g., effusions or ascites) that would preclude methotrexate administration No known hypersensitivity to antimetabolite chemotherapeutic agents No rheumatic or autoimmune disease No other concurrent malignancies requiring treatment

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No prior antitumor therapy with recombinant DNA products including viral based gene therapy or bacterial plasmids At least 28 days since prior immunotherapy and at least 14 days since complete recovery At least 14 days since complete recovery from prior antiviral therapy No concurrent hematopoietic growth factors (filgrastim (G-CSF) or sargramostim (GM-CSF)) No concurrent recombinant interleukin-2 therapy Prior G-CSF or GM-CSF adjunct therapy allowed Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 28 days since prior chemotherapy and at least 14 days since complete recovery No prior methotrexate Endocrine therapy: No concurrent corticosteroids Radiotherapy: At least 28 days since prior radiotherapy and at least 14 days since complete recovery Surgery: No planned surgical resection Other: At least 14 days since complete recovery from prior antibiotic therapy No concurrent high dose nonsteroidal antiinflammatories or immunosuppressive drugs At least 30 days since prior investigational drugs

  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00006033


Locations
United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
Sponsors and Collaborators
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Study Chair: Thomas V. McCaffrey, MD, PhD H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
  More Information

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00006033     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: VALENTIS-IL2-2001
MCC-12051
MCC-IRB-5482
CDR0000068046 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
NCI-G00-1810
First Submitted: July 5, 2000
First Posted: June 21, 2004
Last Update Posted: May 30, 2013
Last Verified: January 2001

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
recurrent metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary
stage III squamous cell carcinoma of the lip and oral cavity
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the lip and oral cavity
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the lip and oral cavity
stage III squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx
stage III squamous cell carcinoma of the nasopharynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the nasopharynx
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the nasopharynx
stage III squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx
stage III squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx
stage III squamous cell carcinoma of the paranasal sinus and nasal cavity
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the paranasal sinus and nasal cavity
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the paranasal sinus and nasal cavity

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms by Site
Methotrexate
Interleukin-2
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Folic Acid Antagonists
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Antirheumatic Agents
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents