Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Prostate Cancer That Has Not Responded to Hormone Therapy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005960
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified January 2001 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : June 8, 2004
Last Update Posted : December 4, 2013
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Giving more than one drug may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy in treating patients who have prostate cancer that has not responded to hormone therapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pain Prostate Cancer Biological: filgrastim Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: docetaxel Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride Procedure: pain therapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the PSA response, duration of PSA response, disease free survival, median survival, and overall survival in patients with chemotherapy naive hormone refractory adenocarcinoma of the prostate treated with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide with sequential docetaxel. II. Assess for any improvement in pain over time in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients receive doxorubicin IV over 3-5 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV on days 1, 22, 43, and 64, and docetaxel IV over 1 hour on days 85, 106, and 127 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients receive filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously daily beginning 24 hours after completion of chemotherapy infusions and continuing until blood counts recover. G-CSF must be discontinued at least 24 hours prior to starting subsequent chemotherapy infusions. Pain and analgesic use are assessed before study, every 3 weeks during study, after completion of study, and then at 3 months after completion of study. Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually thereafter until death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 42-105 patients will be accrued for this study over 18 months.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Doxorubicin and Cyclophosphamide With Sequential Docetaxel in Patients With Hormone-Refractory Prostate Cancer
Study Start Date : October 1999

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U.S. FDA Resources

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven adenocarcinoma of the prostate that is chemotherapy naive and refractory to hormonal therapy with combined androgen blockade No concurrent antiandrogen therapy withdrawal: Must continue antiandrogen therapy until completion of study OR Must discontinue flutamide at least 4 weeks before or bicalutamide at least 8 weeks before study enrollment, and must have disease progression off antiandrogen therapy, defined by serial increase in PSA (at least 2 measurements taken at least 2 weeks apart) or measurable tumor Concurrent LHRH antagonist allowed if no prior orchiectomy No minimum PSA level required Measurable or evaluable disease An increase in PSA or pain without measurable or evaluable disease does not constitute hormone refractory disease

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Karnofsky 60-100% ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: At least 6 months Hematopoietic: Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hemoglobin at least 10 g/dL Hepatic: SGOT and SGPT no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Cardiovascular: LVEF normal No impaired cardiac status (e.g., history of severe heart disease, cardiomyopathy, or congestive heart failure) Other: No active infection, defined by the following: Clinical syndrome consistent with a viral or bacterial infection (e.g., influenza, upper respiratory infection, or urinary tract infection) Fever with a clinical site of infection identified Microbiologically documented infection including, but not limited to, bacteremia or septicemia HIV negative No other malignancy within the past 5 years except surgically cured basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer No psychiatric, addictive, or other disorder that would preclude informed consent or compliance No hypersensitivity to E. coli derived proteins or drugs formulated with polysorbate 80 (e.g., human insulin)

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No concurrent WBC transfusions No other concurrent biologic therapy Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics No other concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: See Disease Characteristics Radiotherapy: At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy Surgery: See Disease Characteristics Other: No other concurrent investigational agent No concurrent acetaminophen for fever prophylaxis

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To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00005960

United States, California
Wilshire Oncology Medical Group, Inc.
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90057
United States, Florida
Geffen Cancer Center and Research Institute
Vero Beach, Florida, United States, 32960-6541
United States, New York
Arena Oncology Associates
Great Neck, New York, United States, 11021
New York Medical College
Valhalla, New York, United States, 10595
United States, North Carolina
N.W. Carolina Oncology & Hematology, P.A.
Hickory, North Carolina, United States, 28603
United States, Pennsylvania
Associates of Hematology/Oncology
Upland, Pennsylvania, United States, 19013
Sponsors and Collaborators
Study Chair: Debra Litwak, PharmD Amgen Identifier: NCT00005960     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000067942
First Posted: June 8, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 4, 2013
Last Verified: January 2001

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
adenocarcinoma of the prostate
stage I prostate cancer
stage IIB prostate cancer
stage IIA prostate cancer
stage III prostate cancer
stage IV prostate cancer
recurrent prostate cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Liposomal doxorubicin
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors