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Chemotherapy Followed by Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation And Biological Therapy in Treating Patients With Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005948
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 2, 2004
Last Update Posted : April 2, 2010
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Biological therapies use different ways to stimulate the immune system and stop cancer cells from growing. Peripheral stem cell transplantation may be able to replace immune cells that were destroyed by chemotherapy.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of chemotherapy followed by peripheral stem cell transplantation and biological therapy in treating patients who have chronic myelogenous leukemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Biological: aldesleukin Biological: recombinant interferon alfa Biological: sargramostim Drug: busulfan Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the toxicity of high-dose busulfan followed by interleukin-2 (IL-2) and sargramostim (GM-CSF) activated autologous/syngeneic peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplantation, sequential IL-2 and GM-CSF therapy, and interferon alfa in patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia. II. Determine engraftment potential of IL-2/GM-CSF activated PBSC followed by sequential IL-2/GM-CSF therapy in this patient population. III. Assess the time to cytogenetic and/or morphologic relapse, overall event-free survival, and overall survival in these patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: Autologous peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) are harvested and activated with interleukin-2 (IL-2) and sargramostim (GM-CSF) on another protocol. Patients receive oral busulfan every 6 hours on days -6 to -3 for a total of 16 doses. IL-2 and GM-CSF-activated PBSC are reinfused on day 0. Beginning 4 hours after PBSC infusion, patients receive IL-2 IV continuously for 5 days followed by 2 days of rest for 4 weeks. In addition, GM-CSF is administered subcutaneously (SC) every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday for 4 weeks. Upon hematologic recovery, but no earlier than 2 weeks after IL-2 and GM-CSF, patients receive interferon alfa SC 3 times weekly until clear evidence of disease progression. Patients are followed every 6 months for 3 years and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 25 patients will be accrued for this study within 2-3 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Study of High Dose Busulfan Combined With IL2/GM-CSF Activated Autologous/Syngeneic PBSC, Sequential IL2/GM-CSF Therapy and Alpha Interferon Maintenance Therapy as Treatment of CML
Study Start Date : January 2000
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2001
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2001

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 70 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Chronic myelogenous leukemia with previously stored CD34 cells from FHCRC-928.00 Chronic phase: No evidence of a major response after 6-month course of interferon alfa OR Initially achieved a major cytogenetic response but subsequently failed interferon alfa OR Accelerated phase: At least 1 month after collection of peripheral blood stem cells No blast crisis No CNS involvement Ineligible for or refused allogeneic conventional or minitransplant protocol

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 70 and under Performance status: Karnofsky 80-100% Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL (unless history of Gilbert's disease) AST or ALT no greater than 2.5 times upper limit of normal No cirrhosis Hepatitis B and C negative Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No myocardial infarction within past 12 months No unstable angina, poorly controlled arrhythmias, or hypertension LVEF greater than 50% Pulmonary: DLCO at least 50% Alveolar arterial gradient less than 30 at sea level Other: Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception HIV negative No active infection requiring systemic antibiotics No known allergy to gentamicin or murine or E. coli proteins or documented prior anaphylactic reaction to sargramostim (GM-CSF) or interleukin-2

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: See Disease Characteristics Chemotherapy: Not specified Endocrine therapy: No concurrent ongoing steroids Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: Not specified

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00005948

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United States, Colorado
University of Colorado Cancer Center
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80010
United States, Washington
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109-1024
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Leona A. Holmberg, MD, PhD Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00005948     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1455.00
CDR0000067877 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ )
First Posted: April 2, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 2, 2010
Last Verified: March 2010
Keywords provided by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center:
relapsing chronic myelogenous leukemia
chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
accelerated phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Myeloablative Agonists
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents