Voriconazole to Prevent Systemic Fungal Infections in Children
This study will examine how children's bodies metabolize and eliminate the anti-fungal drug voriconazole. The results will yield information needed to make recommendations for safe and effective dosing of the drug in children. Children with reduced immune function-such as those receiving drugs for cancer treatment-are at high risk for serious fungal infections.
Children between 2 and 12 years old who need treatment to prevent fungal infections may be eligible for this study. Candidates will be screened with a physical examination, eye examination, and blood and urine tests.
Children in the study will be hospitalized for 21 days. They will receive voriconazole twice a day (every 12 hours) for 8 days, infused through a vein over a period of 1 to 2 hours. The dose will be determined based on the individual child's weight. Blood samples will be collected at various intervals before and after the infusions on days 1, 2, 4 and 8 to determine the amount of drug in the blood. On day 8, the child will have another physical and eye examination, as well as additional blood and urine tests. If additional treatment is required, voriconazole may be continued for up to day 21. (Children who require the drug for more than 21 days may receive it under another research protocol.) On the last day of treatment, the child will have another physical examination, and blood and urine tests. These procedures will be repeated again at 30 to 35 days following the last dose of drug. A small sample of blood will also be analyzed for genetic information related to the rate of metabolism of voriconazole-that is, how fast or slow it is cleared (eliminated) by the liver.
Voriconazole is effective against several different fungi. It may protect children against serious fungal infections with fewer side effects than standard available therapy.
|Aspergillosis Candidiasis Fungal Diseases Mycoses||Drug: Voriconazole||Phase 1|
|Study Design:||Primary Purpose: Treatment|
|Official Title:||An Open Intravenous Multiple Dose, Multi-Center Study to Investigate the Pharmacokinetics, Safety and Toleration of Voriconazole in Children Aged 2-12 Years Who Require Treatment for the Prevention of Systemic Fungal Infection|
|Study Start Date:||June 2000|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||January 2001|
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00005912
|United States, Maryland|
|National Cancer Institute (NCI)|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|