Nitrocamptothecin Compared With Other Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Cancer of the Pancreas

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005870
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified June 2007 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : April 26, 2004
Last Update Posted : December 4, 2013
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known whether nitrocamptothecin is more effective than other chemotherapy for cancer of the pancreas.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of nitrocamptothecin with that of other chemotherapy in treating patients who have recurrent or refractory cancer of the pancreas.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pancreatic Cancer Drug: fluorouracil Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride Drug: mitomycin C Drug: rubitecan Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the overall survival, objective response rate, time to treatment failure, and time to progression in patients with recurrent or refractory adenocarcinoma of the pancreas treated with oral nitrocamptothecin vs most appropriate chemotherapy. II. Compare the toxicity of these regimens in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open-label, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to Karnofsky performance status (50-70% vs greater than 70%). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms: Arm I: Patients receive oral nitrocamptothecin on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every week for 8 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with stable or responding disease after week 8 may receive additional courses. Arm II: Patients are stratified according to most appropriate therapy possible (mitomycin or investigator's choice (including best supportive care) vs gemcitabine vs fluorouracil). Patients who previously received fluorouracil and gemcitabine with or without radiotherapy receive mitomycin or the investigator's choice of any proven or experimental chemotherapy regimen previously submitted to the sponsor. Patients who previously received fluorouracil only, other chemotherapy only, or fluorouracil with other chemotherapy receive a proven or experimental regimen comprising gemcitabine. Patients who previously received gemcitabine with other chemotherapy receive a proven or experimental regimen comprising fluorouracil. Patients with stable or responding disease after week 8 may receive additional courses if medically indicated. Patients for whom these drugs are not indicated may receive best supportive care. At the time of disease progression, patients may receive treatment with nitrocamptothecin. Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year or until death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 400 patients (200 per arm) will be accrued for this study within 15 months.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase III Randomized Study of RFS 2000 (9-Nitro-Camptothecin, 9-NC) Versus Most Appropriate Therapy in Refractory Pancreatic Cancer Patients
Study Start Date : March 1999

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically or cytologically proven adenocarcinoma of the pancreas with failure or relapse after at least 1 prior chemotherapy regimen Ineligible if only prior chemotherapy regimen consisted of gemcitabine alone or fluorouracil as a radiosensitizer No prior nitrocamptothecin or other camptothecin analogs

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Over 18 Performance status: Karnofsky 50-100% Life expectancy: At least 8 weeks Hematopoietic: Granulocyte count greater than 1,500/mm3 Hemoglobin greater than 9 g/dL Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: SGOT and SGPT no greater than 3 times normal (5 times normal if liver tumor present) Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Other: Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: At least 2 weeks since prior immunotherapy and recovered No concurrent filgrastim (G-CSF) with nitrocamptothecin No concurrent anticancer immunotherapy Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 2 weeks since prior chemotherapy and recovered No other concurrent anticancer chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: No concurrent anticancer hormonal therapy Radiotherapy: At least 2 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered No concurrent anticancer radiotherapy Surgery: At least 2 weeks since prior surgery and recovered No planned major surgery within 8 weeks after initiation of treatment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00005870

United States, California
SuperGen, Incorporated
San Ramon, California, United States, 94583
United States, New York
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14263-0001
Sponsors and Collaborators
Astex Pharmaceuticals
Study Chair: Lawrence A. Romel, MS Astex Pharmaceuticals Identifier: NCT00005870     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000067906
First Posted: April 26, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 4, 2013
Last Verified: June 2007

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
recurrent pancreatic cancer
adenocarcinoma of the pancreas

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Alkylating Agents
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors