Nitrocamptothecin Compared With Gemcitabine in Treating Patients With Unresectable Locally Advanced or Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005869
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified June 2007 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 25, 2004
Last Update Posted : December 4, 2013
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known whether nitrocamptothecin is more effective than gemcitabine for pancreatic cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of nitrocamptothecin with gemcitabine in treating patients who have unresectable locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pancreatic Cancer Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride Drug: rubitecan Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the overall survival, time to treatment failure, clinical benefit response rate (analgesic consumption, pain intensity, performance status, and weight change), and objective response rate in chemotherapy-naive patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas treated with oral nitrocamptothecin vs gemcitabine. II. Compare the toxicity of these 2 regimens in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open-label, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to measurable disease (yes vs no), Karnofsky performance status (50-70% vs 70-100%), and prior radiotherapy. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive oral nitrocamptothecin on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every week for 8 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with stable or responding disease after week 8 may receive additional courses. Arm II: Patients receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every week for 7 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then undergo 1 week of rest. Patients with stable or responding disease after week 8 may receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15. Courses repeat every 4 weeks. Pain is assessed within 7 days prior to study, at days 28 and 56 during study, and then every 28 days after completion of study. Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year or until death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 994 patients (497 per arm) will be accrued for this study within 22 months.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase III Randomized Study of RFS 2000 (9-Nitro-Camptothecin, 9-NC) Versus Gemcitabine HCl in Chemonaive Pancreatic Cancer Patients
Study Start Date : November 1998

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically or cytologically confirmed unresectable locally advanced (stage II or III) or metastatic (stage IV) adenocarcinoma of the pancreas

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Over 18 Performance status: Karnofsky 50-100% Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Granulocyte count greater than 1,500/mm3 Hemoglobin at least 9 g/dL Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: SGOT and SGPT no greater than 3 times normal (5 times normal if liver tumor present) Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Other: Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: At least 3 weeks since prior immunotherapy and recovered No filgrastim (G-CSF) concurrent with nitrocamptothecin Concurrent epoetin alfa allowed Chemotherapy: Prior fluorouracil as radiosensitizer allowed No other prior chemotherapy (e.g., nitrocamptothecin or gemcitabine) No other concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: No concurrent hormonal or corticosteroid therapy Patients requiring hormonal therapy or corticosteroid therapy for medical reasons may remain on study, but will not be evaluable for clinical benefit response Radiotherapy: At least 3 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered No concurrent radiotherapy Surgery: See Disease Characteristics More than 2 weeks since prior major surgery and recovered Prior stent placement allowed No planned surgery within 8 weeks after initiation of treatment

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To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00005869

United States, California
SuperGen, Incorporated
Dublin, California, United States, 94568
Sponsors and Collaborators
Astex Pharmaceuticals
Study Chair: Lawrence A. Romel, MS Astex Pharmaceuticals Identifier: NCT00005869     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000067905
First Posted: February 25, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 4, 2013
Last Verified: June 2007

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage II pancreatic cancer
stage III pancreatic cancer
recurrent pancreatic cancer
adenocarcinoma of the pancreas
stage IV pancreatic cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors