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Temozolomide and Thalidomide in Treating Patients With Stage III or Stage IV Melanoma

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier:
First received: June 2, 2000
Last updated: June 17, 2013
Last verified: June 2013

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Thalidomide may stop the growth of melanoma by stopping blood flow to the tumor. Combining chemotherapy with thalidomide may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness temozolomide plus thalidomide in treating patients who have stage III or stage IV melanoma that cannot be removed during surgery.

Condition Intervention Phase
Intraocular Melanoma
Melanoma (Skin)
Drug: temozolomide
Drug: thalidomide
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Study of Temozolamide and Thalidomide in the Treatment of Advanced Melanoma

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:

Study Start Date: December 1999
Study Completion Date: August 2004
Primary Completion Date: August 2004 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:


  • Determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of temozolomide using an extended continuous schedule in combination with thalidomide in patients with advanced melanoma.
  • Determine the response rate to this combination using an extended continuous schedule at the MTD in 30 patients who have advanced metastatic melanoma without brain metastases and in 15 patients who have metastatic melanoma in the brain.
  • Further characterize the safety and toxicity of this combination in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study of temozolomide (phase I) followed by a response rate determination study (phase II).

Patients receive oral temozolomide daily for 6 weeks followed by 2-4 weeks of rest. Patients receive oral thalidomide daily for the entire 8-10 week course. Treatment continues in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or disease progression.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of temozolomide until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose limiting toxicities. Once the MTD is determined, additional patients are accrued to receive treatment with temozolomide and thalidomide at the recommended phase II dose.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 3-24 patients will be accrued for phase I and then an additional 45 patients (15 with CNS disease, 30 without CNS disease) will be accrued for phase II of this study within 18 months.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed metastatic malignant melanoma that is considered unresectable

    • Stage III or IV ocular, mucosal, or cutaneous melanoma
  • Measurable disease
  • No CNS disease (phase I only)



  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • Karnofsky 70-100%

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • Absolute granulocyte count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 150,000/mm^3


  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • SGOT/SGPT no greater than 3 times ULN
  • Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 3 times ULN


  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times ULN


  • No history of active angina
  • No myocardial infarction within past 6 months
  • No history of significant ventricular arrhythmia requiring medication with antiarrhythmics


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective barrier contraception during and for 4 weeks before and after study
  • No frequent vomiting or medical condition that could interfere with oral medication intake (e.g., partial bowel obstruction)
  • No preexisting neurotoxicity grade 2 or greater
  • No serious concurrent infections treated with antibiotics
  • No nonmalignant medical illnesses that are uncontrolled or whose control may be jeopardized by the complications of this study
  • No psychiatric disorders that would preclude study compliance
  • No other medical condition or reason that would preclude study
  • No other malignancy within the past 2 years except:

    • Nonmelanoma skin cancer
    • Carcinoma in situ of the cervix
    • History of T1a or b prostate cancer detected incidentally at TURP and comprising less than 5% of resected tissue with PSA normal since TURP
  • No AIDS related illness
  • HIV negative


  • Recovered from prior therapy

Biologic therapy:

  • At least 4 weeks since prior biologic therapy
  • At least 4 weeks since prior immunotherapy
  • No concurrent immunotherapy


  • No prior systemic chemotherapy for metastatic melanoma
  • No other concurrent chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • Not specified


  • At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy, interstitial brachytherapy, or radiosurgery
  • At least 3 weeks since prior radiotherapy to the brain if brain metastases from melanoma
  • Prior radiotherapy to only indicator lesion allowed provided recent evidence of disease progression at that site
  • No concurrent radiotherapy


  • At least 2 weeks since prior surgery requiring general anesthesia
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00005815

United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Wen-Jen Hwu, MD, PhD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
  More Information

Publications: Identifier: NCT00005815     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 99-103
CDR0000067818 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
Study First Received: June 2, 2000
Last Updated: June 17, 2013

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
iris melanoma
ciliary body and choroid melanoma, small size
ciliary body and choroid melanoma, medium/large size
extraocular extension melanoma
recurrent intraocular melanoma
stage III melanoma
stage IV melanoma
recurrent melanoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Uveal Neoplasms
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Eye Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Eye Diseases
Uveal Diseases
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Leprostatic Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action processed this record on March 28, 2017