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Combination Chemotherapy Plus Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Multiple Myeloma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005792
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 2, 2004
Last Update Posted : November 8, 2019
SmithKline Beecham
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with peripheral stem cell transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy plus peripheral stem cell transplantation in treating patients who have multiple myeloma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Myeloma Plasma Cell Neoplasm Drug: etoposide phosphate Drug: melphalan Drug: topotecan Procedure: Autologous Stem Cell Rescue Phase 1

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the toxicity and potential efficacy of intensive high dose chemotherapy consisting of melphalan, topotecan, and etoposide phosphate followed by autologous stem cell transplantation in patients with stage II or III multiple myeloma or stage I with evidence of progressive disease. II. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of topotecan in combination with melphalan and etoposide phosphate in this patient population. III. Determine response rates and time to treatment failure in these patients when treated with this regimen. IV. Determine the pharmacokinetic profiles of these drugs and investigate the pharmacodynamic relationships with respect to the efficacy and toxicity of this regimen in these patients. V. Determine whether the sequencing of this chemotherapy regimen is appropriate and optimal in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study of topotecan. Patients are primed with cyclophosphamide IV over 2 hours for 2 days. Peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) are collected. Approximately 4 weeks after PBSC collection, patients receive melphalan IV over 30 minutes and topotecan IV over 30 minutes on days -7 to -5. Etoposide phosphate IV is administered over 4 hours on days -4 and -3. PBSC are reinfused on day 0. Cohorts of 4-12 patients receive escalating doses of topotecan until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 6 of 12 patients experience dose limiting toxicities. Patients are followed 2-3 times a week for approximately 1 month, then at 3, 6, and 12 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 34-60 patients will be accrued for this study within 24-36 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 131 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Study of Intensive-Dose Melphalan, Topotecan, and VP-16 Phosphate (MTV) Followed by Autologous Stem Cell Rescue in Patients With Multiple Myeloma
Actual Study Start Date : June 2, 1998
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 1, 2006
Actual Study Completion Date : November 1, 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: MTV
Melphalan Topotecan Etoposide VP-16 Phosphate autologous stem cell transplant
Drug: etoposide phosphate
Etoposide phosphate 1363 mg/m^2/day IV over 4 hours (total dose 2726 mg/m^2, or 2400 mg/m^2 etoposide equivalents), beginning 24 hours after the completion of the last infusion of topotecan Days -4, -3
Other Name: Topotecan

Drug: melphalan
Melphalan 50 mg/m^2/day IV over 30 minutes (total dose 150 mg/m^2), followed immediately by topotecan. Days -7, -6, -5
Other Name: Alkeran(R)

Drug: topotecan
Topotecan 3.3 mg/m^2/day (starting total dose = 10 mg/m^2 for level 2) IV over 30 minutes. No topotecan will be administered on the first dose level Days -7, -6, -5

Procedure: Autologous Stem Cell Rescue
reinfusion of stem cells, Day 0
Other Name: Autologous stem cell transplant

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of mucositis [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    To determine the incidence and duration of CTCAE v3, grade 3 or 4 mucositis for modified dose level four.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   15 Years to 69 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed multiple myeloma Newly diagnosed, drug sensitive (i.e., greater than 50% response to standard chemotherapy), and poor prognostic indicators (e.g., Salmon-Durie stage III, serum beta-2-microglobulin greater than 3.0 ug/L, high proliferative fraction, or hypodiploidy) OR Relapsed after a response to standard chemotherapy OR Primary refractory disease No active leptomeningeal involvement History of prior CSF tumor involvement without symptoms or signs allowed provided CSF is now free of disease on lumbar puncture and MRI of brain shows no tumor involvement No severe symptomatic CNS disease of any etiology

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 15 to 69 Performance status: ECOG 0-1 ECOG 3-4 secondary to bone pain or a potentially reversible disease related problem eligible at investigator's discretion Life expectancy: At least 12 weeks Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL SGOT/SGPT no greater than 2.5 times upper limit of normal No history of severe hepatic dysfunction Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL OR Creatinine at least 40 mL/min No hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis Cardiovascular: No evidence of severe cardiac dysfunction Ejection fraction at least 50% by MUGA scan No major heart disease Essential hypertension controlled with medications allowed Pulmonary: DLCO at least 50% of normal No symptomatic obstructive or restrictive pulmonary disease Other: Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception No psychosocial disorder that would preclude study compliance No active infections No uncontrolled insulin dependent diabetes mellitus No uncompensated major thyroid or adrenal dysfunction No other prior malignancy except for nonmelanoma skin cancer HIV negative

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: No prior total dose of doxorubicin or daunorubicin greater than 450 mg/m2 No prior topotecan or any other topoisomerase I inhibitor, etoposide, etoposide phosphate, or teniposide Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: Not specified Other: No concurrent nitroglycerin preparations for angina pectoris No concurrent antiarrhythmic drugs for major ventricular dysrhythmias

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00005792

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United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612-9497
Sponsors and Collaborators
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
SmithKline Beecham
Bristol-Myers Squibb
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Study Chair: Daniel M. Sullivan, M.D. H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute Identifier: NCT00005792    
Other Study ID Numbers: MCC-11752
MCC-11752 ( Other Identifier: Moffitt Cancer Center )
IRB-4983 ( Other Identifier: University of South Florida )
NCI-G00-1749 ( Other Identifier: National Cancer Institute )
First Posted: February 2, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 8, 2019
Last Verified: November 2019
Keywords provided by H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute:
refractory multiple myeloma
stage I multiple myeloma
stage II multiple myeloma
stage III multiple myeloma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Etoposide phosphate
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors