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A Study of Increased Lactic Acid and Abnormal Fat Distribution in HIV-Positive Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005764
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : June 24, 2005
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to see if the findings of increased lactic acid and abnormal fat distribution get better when d4T is replaced with abacavir, abacavir plus lamivudine, or Combivir (a pill containing lamivudine plus zidovudine) in HIV-positive patients taking anti-HIV therapy including stavudine (d4T).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infections Lipodystrophy Drug: Lamivudine/Zidovudine Drug: Abacavir sulfate Drug: Lamivudine Phase 4

Detailed Description:
Patients are allocated as follows: a) zidovudine-naive patients switch Combivir for d4t and b) zidovudine-experienced or -intolerant patients switch abacavir for d4t. Providers may choose between Combivir or abacavir as a switch for d4t when screening lactate levels are 2.2 mmol/L or more. Additionally, providers may choose to switch a maximum of 2 drugs, one of which must be d4t, in the regimen. Each patient receives 48 weeks of therapy. Visits are made at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, and 48. Tests, including biopsies, are performed to measure changes in body fat distribution and changes in lactate levels. Virologic and immunologic outcomes, changes in physical signs of lipodystrophy, changes in self-reports of health-related quality-of-life survey and the Body Image Questionnaire, changes in lipid profile and other markers of metabolism, and safety parameters are evaluated also.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 100 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Glaxo Wellcome Trial to Assess the Regression of Hyperlactatemia and to Evaluate the Regression of Established Lipodystrophy in HIV-1-Positive Subjects (TARHEEL)
Study Start Date : May 2000

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

Patients may be eligible for this study if they:

  • Are HIV-positive.
  • Are at least 18 years old.
  • Agree not to have intercourse 2 weeks before, during, and 2 weeks after study or agree to use effective methods of birth control.
  • Have had HIV-1 RNA levels less than 400 copies/ml on the 2 most recent measurements.
  • Have at least 1 of the following situations:
  • (a) at least 1 of the following: (1) decrease in facial fat, (2) decrease in fat in lower limbs, or (3) decrease in fat in buttocks area; or
  • (b) an increase in lactate level greater than 2.2 mmol/L at the screening visit plus at least 1 of the following: (1) decrease in facial fat, (2) decrease in fat in lower limbs, or (3) decrease in fat in the buttocks area; or
  • (c) an increase in lactate level greater than 2.2 mmol/L at screening visit plus at least 2 of the following: (1) shortness of breath, (2) weakness, (3) fast heartbeat, (4) recent weight loss (10 lbs. within the past 2 months), (5) pain and/or bloating in the abdomen, (6) nausea and/or vomiting and/or lack of appetite; or
  • (d) lactate level greater than 3.2 mmol/L at the screening visit.
  • Are able to read at a sixth-grade level.
  • Have taken d4T consistently for the 6 months before entering study.

Exclusion Criteria

Patients will not be eligible for this study if they:

  • Have diabetes or kidney failure.
  • Have any condition that makes them unable to participate in this study.
  • Are unable to take medications by mouth.
  • Have serious medical conditions, such as congestive heart failure or other heart disease, which would affect the safety of the patient.
  • Are taking or have taken abacavir plus Retrovir or Combivir.
  • Are pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • Are enrolled in other clinical studies.
  • Have had a reaction to or are unable to take abacavir and have taken Retrovir in the past.
  • Have taken hydroxyurea within the past 3 days or plan to take this drug during the study.
  • Have had chemotherapy or radiation therapy within 4 weeks prior to screening visit (except for local treatment for Kaposi's sarcoma) or plan to have such treatment during the study.
  • Have taken drugs that affect the immune system, such as systemic corticosteroids, interleukins, vaccines, or interferons, within 4 weeks prior to the screening visit.
  • Have had an HIV vaccine within 3 months of the screening visit.
  • Have taken recombinant Human Growth Hormone (r-hGH), megestrol acetate, medicines containing oxandrolone, oxymetholone, nandrolone, DHEA, or other testosterone derivatives, or glucocorticoids or other systemic steroids (except inhaled and topical steroids) in the last 4 months or plan to take these drugs during the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00005764

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Glaxo Wellcome
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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005764    
Other Study ID Numbers: 238T
First Posted: August 31, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 24, 2005
Last Verified: June 2001
Keywords provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:
Drug Therapy, Combination
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Anti-HIV Agents
Lactic Acid
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Skin Diseases, Metabolic
Skin Diseases
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Lamivudine, zidovudine drug combination
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents