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Epidemiology of Coronary Calcification in the Elderly

This study has been completed.
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Anne B. Newman, University of Pittsburgh Identifier:
First received: May 25, 2000
Last updated: January 12, 2016
Last verified: January 2016
To investigate the prevalence and prognostic value of subclinical atherosclerosis in the Pittsburgh SHEP cohort and a cohort of normal controls.

Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Coronary Arteriosclerosis
Coronary Disease

Study Type: Observational

Further study details as provided by University of Pittsburgh:

Study Start Date: August 1999
Study Completion Date: July 2007
Primary Completion Date: July 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:


This is an ancillary study to the Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP)


Continued annual telephone follow-up of the remaining 178 Pittsburgh SHEP participants and 168 controls will be conducted . A final clinic visit will include measures of coronary and aortic calcification using electron beam computed tomography (CT), pulse wave velocity as a measure of aortic stiffening and cognitive function testing. For the Pittsburgh SHEP cohort, the antihypertensive treatment effect has been striking with event rates for the active and placebo groups continuing to diverge beyong the end of SHEP. Successful demonstration of a treatment effect on coronary calcium scores would be the first randomized data showing an antihypertensive effect directly in the coronary arteries. Risk factors for coronary calcification will be evaluated, producing data of a type not yet available in the literature for older adults and not being collected in any other ongoing studies of the elderly. The added measures of vascular stiffness will supplement the extensive data on subclinical atherosclerosis already available for this cohort. The extent to which these measures predict cardiovascular events will be evaluated. The study has been renewed through July 2006.

Since hypertension and aging are associated with cognitive impairment and vascular dementia, SHEP participants assigned to the placebo group are expected to have lower cognitive function compared to those assigned to active treatment. Among both hypertensive and normotensive groups, lower cognitive function among those with evidence of subclinical atherosclerosis is expected.

Finally, members of the cohort who were originally normotensive at study entry are now developing systolic hypertension. These subjects will allow a prospective evaluation of risk factors for systolic hypertension. Continued study of this cohort into their 80s will provide unique data on the risks and etiology of systolic hypertension, the efficacy of its treatment and the prognostic value of a number of measures of subclinical atherosclerosis. It is predicted that the results will be directly applicable to the largest growing segment of the U.S. population.


Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years to 100 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
614 older adults aged, on average, 80 years (range, 67 to 99 years); 367 (60%) were women, and 143 (23%) were black.

Participating in the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) at the University of Pittsburgh Site.

Inclusion criteria:

Age 65 or older in 1989-90 Able to give informed consent Able to travel to study site No plans to move from the area within 3 years of CHS enrollment

Exclusion criteria:

Inability to give informed consent at time of EBCT scan Unable to travel to study center Lives in nursing home.

  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00005756

Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pittsburgh
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Principal Investigator: Anne B. Newman, MD University of Pittsburgh
  More Information

Responsible Party: Anne B. Newman, Professor of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh Identifier: NCT00005756     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 5111
R01HL064587 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: May 25, 2000
Last Updated: January 12, 2016
Individual Participant Data  
Plan to Share IPD: Yes

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Coronary Disease
Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Vascular Diseases
Arterial Occlusive Diseases processed this record on April 28, 2017