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TB Contact Investigation: Behavioral Intervention

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Identifier:
First received: May 25, 2000
Last updated: May 12, 2016
Last verified: May 2002
To develop a behavioral intervention aimed at public health workers who perform tuberculosis contact investigation and designed to enhance the contact investigation process.

Lung Diseases

Study Type: Observational

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: September 1995
Study Completion Date: August 2000
Detailed Description:


Tuberculosis was on the decline from the mid 1950s until the mid 1980s; however, the United States is now experiencing a resurgence of tuberculosis. In 1992, approximately 27,000 new cases were reported, an increase of about 20 percent from 1985 to 1992. Not only are tuberculosis cases on the increase, but a serious aspect of the problem is the recent occurence of outbreaks of multidrug resistant (MDR) tuberculosis, which poses an urgent public health problem and requires rapid intervention.

Control programs involve two major components. First, and of highest priority, is to detect persons with active tuberculosis and treat them with effective antituberculosis drugs, which prevents death from tuberculosis and stops the transmission of infection to other persons. Treatment of active tuberculosis involves taking multiple antituberculosis drugs daily or several times weekly for at least six months. Failure to take the medications for the full treatment period may mean that the disease is not cured and may recur. If sufficient medications are not prescribed early and taken regularly, the tuberculosis organism can become resistant to the drugs, and the drug resistant tubercuosis then may be transmitted to other persons. Drug resistant disease is difficult and expensive to treat, and in some cases, cannot be treated with available medications.

The second major goal of control efforts is the detection and treatment of persons who do not have active tuberculosis, but who have latent tuberculosis infection. These people may be at high risk of developing active tuberculosis. The only approved treatment modality for preventive therapy requires treatment daily or twice weekly for a minimum of six months, and many patients do not complete the full course of therapy. Public and patient programs are needed to increase the awareness of the problems associated with tuberculosis control.

The study is part of the NHLBI initiative "Behavioral Interventions for Control of Tuberculosis" . The concept for the initiative originated from the National Institutes of Health Working Group on Health and Behavior. The Request for Applications was released in October, 1994.


The project, based on social learning theory, was conducted in several phases. First, a process evaluation of the current contact investigation process was conducted. Results guided the development of a revised contact investigation protocol, a software program for notebook computers designed to enhance protocol implementation, and a behavioral intervention to educate contact investigators in the use of the protocol and software. A formative evaluation of the intervention, protocol, and software was used to refine the procedures, which were then implemented throughout the State of Alabama. An impact evaluation was then conducted to assess the effectiveness of the procedures. If the impact evaluation results weresatisfactory, the behavioral intervention and contact investigation procedures would be developed in a format that could be exported to other areas and settings.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
No eligibility criteria
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No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

Publications: Identifier: NCT00005740     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4949  R01HL055752 
Study First Received: May 25, 2000
Last Updated: May 12, 2016
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Diseases
Mycobacterium Infections
Actinomycetales Infections
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases processed this record on October 21, 2016