Pharmacologic Intervention for Postcessation Weight Gain

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005704
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted : January 28, 2016
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Information provided by:
University of Memphis

Brief Summary:
To test pharmacologic intervention for smoking postcessation weight gain using nicotine gum and phenylpropanolamine (PPA).

Condition or disease
Cardiovascular Diseases Heart Diseases Obesity

Detailed Description:


Despite the potential importance of weight gain to smoking relapse, in 1991 there had been virtually no success in eliminating, or even reducing, the weight gain following smoking cessation. Two promising pharmacologic methods for reducing postcessation weight gain were nicotine gum and an over-the-counter drug, phenylpropanolamine gum ([PPA]. However, the relative efficacy of these two drugs had never been evaluated and the mechanisms of action of both drugs on weight gain were unknown.


The investigators determined the efficacy of nicotine gum and phenylpropanolamine (PPA) gum relative to a placebo in the reduction of postcessation weight gain throughout a 13-week combined behavioral and pharmacologic treatment program. Following cessation of the drugs at the end of treatment, they monitored long-term effects of these drugs on body weight at both a 6- and a 12-month follow-up. They also determined the mechanism of action of both nicotine gum and PPA gum (viz., changes in dietary intake, physical activity, or metabolic rate) on change in weight during the course of treatment and evaluated withdrawal symptoms of smoking cessation as they were moderated by either nicotine gum or PPA gum use during the course of treatment. Finally, they investigated whether PPA and nicotine gum produced an incremental effect on smoking cessation (relative to placebo gum) in a sample of female smokers who were at high risk for postcessation weight gain at posttest and at a 6- and 12-month follow-up.

Study Type : Observational
Study Start Date : July 1991
Study Completion Date : June 1997

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
No eligibility criteria

Publications: Identifier: NCT00005704     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4359
R18HL045057 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 26, 2000    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 28, 2016
Last Verified: July 2000

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases