Clinical Interventions in Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Neonatal Lung Injury - SCOR in Lung Biology and Diseases in Infants and Children

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005683
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted : January 15, 2016
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Information provided by:
University of Rochester

Brief Summary:
To conduct clinical interventions directed at neonatal lung disease and injury, with a focus on infants having surfactant-deficiency or inactivation as a component of pathophysiology. A major emphasis was on the surfactant-deficient Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS) of premature infants, and on acute neonatal respiratory failure in term infants with pulmonary edema and potential surfactant inactivation (ARDS-related).

Condition or disease
Lung Diseases Respiratory Distress Syndrome Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

Detailed Description:


The study was a subproject within a Specialized Center of Research (SCOR) in Lung Biology and Diseases in Infants and Children. The clinical interventions studied had significance for respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn and for bronchopulmonary dysplasia, which is the chronic lung disorder of fibrosis, alveolar loss and reactive airway disease that often follows pulmonary disease requiring treatment with oxygen and mechanical ventilation in the newborn period.


A series of randomized, controlled trials/studies were conducted. In the first clinical study, full term infants with severe respiratory pathology where surfactant inactivation was important were assigned randomly to exogenous surfactant versus control groups to determine if surfactant was efficacious and safe in this kind of lung injury. In the second study, infants of less than 29 weeks gestation received prophylactic exogenous surfactant, but were assigned randomly to receive it immediately following birth or after initial stabilization at 10-15 minutes, to address a then critical current issue in surfactant therapy for RDS. In the third study, infants who had moderate RDS despite exogenous surfactant therapy were randomly assigned to high frequency jet or conventional ventilation groups to determine if this mode of ventilation therapy would reduce barotrauma and the incidence and/or severity of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). In addition to these three clinical trials, another study involved therapy using superoxide dismutase (SOD) along with surfactant as a multi-modal approach treating premature infants with RDS and lung injury secondary to hyperoxia and mechanical ventilation. This study depended on results of animal studies with SOD in Project 5. Finally, the study addressed the long term evaluation and surveillance of survival, rehospitalizations, health status, pulmonary sequelae, and school performance of those infants enrolled in the randomized clinical trials, as necessary for long-term outcome assessments.

Study Type : Observational
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Study Start Date : December 1986
Study Completion Date : November 1997

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
No eligibility criteria Identifier: NCT00005683     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4094
P50HL036543 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 26, 2000    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 15, 2016
Last Verified: January 2016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
Pathologic Processes
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiration Disorders
Infant, Premature, Diseases
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury
Lung Injury