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Combination Chemotherapy Following Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Malignant Glioma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005637
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted : April 4, 2013
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:

Study Description
Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one chemotherapy drug may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy following radiation therapy in treating patients who have malignant glioma.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors Drug: carmustine Drug: temozolomide Phase 1

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the safety and efficacy of extended low-dose temozolomide when combined with carmustine after radiotherapy in patients with malignant glioma.
  • Determine the maximum tolerated dose of this combination in this patient population.
  • Determine time to progression as measured from baseline gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of temozolomide.

Patients receive oral temozolomide once daily on days 1-28 and carmustine IV over 1-3 hours beginning within 72 hours after starting temozolomide. Courses repeat every 8 weeks for up to 1 year in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or disease progression.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of temozolomide until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

Patients are followed every 2 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 3-24 patients will be accrued for this study within 1-2 years.


Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of Extended Low Dose Temozolomide (SCH 52365, Temodar (R)) and Carmustine (BCNU) in the Treatment of Malignant Gliomas After Radiation Therapy
Study Start Date : December 1999
Primary Completion Date : June 2003
Study Completion Date : December 2009


Arms and Interventions


Outcome Measures

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed malignant glioma

    • Glioblastoma
    • Gliosarcoma
    • High-grade glioma
    • Anaplastic astrocytoma
    • Anaplastic mixed oligoastrocytoma
    • Anaplastic oligodendroglioma
    • Anaplastic ependymoma
  • Must have completed radiotherapy

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • Karnofsky 60-100%

Life expectancy:

  • More than 3 months

Hematopoietic:

  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin at least 10 g/dL

Hepatic:

  • Bilirubin less than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • SGOT/SGPT less than 3 times ULN
  • Alkaline phosphatase less than 2 times ULN

Renal:

  • BUN less than 1.5 times ULN
  • Creatinine less than 1.5 times ULN

Pulmonary:

  • Pulmonary function test with diffusion greater than 50 OR
  • Clearance by the pulmonary service

Other:

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • HIV negative
  • No AIDS-related illness
  • No nonmalignant systemic disease that would preclude study
  • No acute infection requiring IV antibiotics
  • No psychiatric condition that would preclude study compliance
  • No frequent vomiting or medical condition that would interfere with oral medication intake (e.g., partial bowel obstruction)
  • No other prior or concurrent malignancy except surgically cured carcinoma in situ of the cervix or basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • No prior immunotherapy
  • No prior biologic therapy

Chemotherapy:

  • No prior chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 2 weeks since prior radiotherapy

Surgery:

  • Not specified
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00005637


Locations
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Study Chair: Jeffrey J. Raizer, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
More Information

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005637     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000067793
MSKCC-99114
NCI-G00-1765
First Posted: January 27, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 4, 2013
Last Verified: March 2003

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
adult glioblastoma
adult anaplastic astrocytoma
adult anaplastic oligodendroglioma
adult mixed glioma
adult giant cell glioblastoma
adult gliosarcoma
adult anaplastic ependymoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Glioma
Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Neoplasms by Site
Nervous System Diseases
Temozolomide
Carmustine
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents