Arsenic Trioxide in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005618
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 2, 2004
Last Update Posted : June 21, 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of arsenic trioxide in treating patients who have relapsed or refractory chronic myelogenous leukemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Drug: arsenic trioxide Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the antileukemic efficacy of arsenic trioxide in patients with relapsed and/or refractory, chronic, accelerated, or blastic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia. II. Determine the pattern of clinical adverse experience in this patient population administered this drug.

OUTLINE: Patients are stratified according to disease stage (chronic phase vs accelerated phase or blastic phase). Patients receive arsenic trioxide IV over 1 hour on consecutive days or weekdays only for a total of 25 days followed by 3-5 weeks of rest. Treatment continues for a maximum of 6 courses in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or disease progression. Patients with responding disease are followed at least monthly.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 10-27 patients will be accrued for the chronic phase stratum of this study within 2 years. A total of 17-37 patients will be accrued for the accelerated and blastic phases stratum of this study within 2 years.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Arsenic Trioxide, NSC 706363, in Relapsed of Refractory Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Study Start Date : February 2000
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2004

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) confirmed by: Cytogenetic testing demonstrating presence of t(9:22) OR RT-PCR demonstrating presence of BCR/ABL rearrangement Chronic phase Blast count less than 15% OR Accelerated phase defined by 1 or more of the following: Blast count greater than 15% but less than 30% Blast count and promyelocytes greater than 30% Basophils greater than 20% Thrombocytopenia less than 100,000/mm3 not related to therapy Cytogenetic clonal evolution (13) OR Blastic phase Blast count greater than 30% OR Evidence of extramedullary blasts Relapse from or failure to achieve a major cytogenetic response to at least 1 course of standard anti-CML therapy including interferon alfa or cytotoxic chemotherapy Must have failed adequate trial of interferon alfa unless intolerance to or contraindication to interferon alfa Not eligible for allogeneic stem cell transplant

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Not specified Performance status: Karnofsky 70-100% Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: See Disease Characteristics Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times ULN Other: Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 4 months after study No active serious infections that are not controlled by antibiotics

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 4 weeks since prior interferon alfa Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy (1 day for hydroxyurea) No other concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No concurrent radiotherapy Surgery: Not specified Other: No other concurrent investigational agents

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00005618

United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: David A. Scheinberg, MD, PhD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00005618     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000067755
First Posted: April 2, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 21, 2013
Last Verified: October 2001

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
relapsing chronic myelogenous leukemia
chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
accelerated phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
blastic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Arsenic trioxide
Antineoplastic Agents